Sunday, 22 October 2017

Message to Viewers

                              MESSAGE  TO  VIEWERS.

I have been working on editing all my charts.  Adding some more details, but eliminating mistakes and deleting some names I can find no record of. 

If anyone has any comments, suggestions or additional information to add, please contact me at  : -

This is a new E Mail address, as my old one was hacked.

After allowing time for any viewers to contact me, I will post the updated version of the charts.

Although I might post some more biographies, articles, ect., this will be the final edition of the membership charts.

I would like to thank everybody who has viewed my work, and hope you continue to use the blog as a research tool.


Monday, 26 June 2017

Family origins + founding dates

Researching the possible founding dates, and origins of the Cosa Nostra Families of America.

Birmingham, Alabama.
Bill Bonanno’s revelation, in his book The Last Testament, that there had been a Cosa Nostra Family in Birmingham, came as a shock to most researchers.  He states that in the mid 1930’s the Family asked the Commission for permission to disband.  The reason given was that surviving members were too old, and by 1938 the last one had died.  The Commission gave Tommaso Gagliano, head of the future Lucchese Family, the task of dealing with any remaining business.
With very little information on members, it is impossible to know when the Family was founded.  We have only the suspicion of a connection with Ribera, a town in Agrigento Province.  As Ribera was the birthplace of several early members of the Elizabeth NJ. Family, there may have been a connection between the two groups.

Buffalo, NYS.
The generally recognised founders of this Family were Giuseppe DiCarlo and Angelo Palmeri.  Both arrived in America in 1905-06, and lived in close proximity in the “Little Italy” area of Manhattan.  DiCarlo, although born in Vallelunga, Caltanisetta Province, lived in Palermo and was probably a Mafioso before emigrating.  On arrival he was heading to a brother-in-law, Pasquale Enea on Oliver Street.  Enea was a well-connected Mafioso, having been arrested with Vito Cascio Ferro in Sicily, and mentioned in correspondence written by Giuseppe Morello.
Palmeri was born in Castellammare, and related to the Mazzara and DeBenedetto families.  He, and DiCarlo, probably met in NYC before moving to Buffalo. 
Buffalo was home to many immigrants from the Vallelunga / Valledolmo area, so when DiCarlo relocated in 1908, he settled in quickly.  It was previously known as an outpost of Morello’s counterfeiting operation.  In fact it is possible that DiCarlo was sent by Morello and Lupo to organise the cities Italian underworld.
Palmeri arrived in 1911, married DiCarlo’s sister-in-law and became a partner in a saloon with him.    Castellammarese began arriving to join Palmeri, like his brother Paolo and Filippo Mazzara, and soon the Family grew in importance.  Buffalo members were reputedly involved in the “Good Killers” gang and Buccellato fued killings in Brooklyn and Detroit.  Palmeri moved to Niagara Falls around 1917-18, and established Family control there. 
When DiCarlo’s wife died in 1919, floral tributes arrived from important Mafiosi in Detroit [John Vitale and Gaspare Milazzo], Chicago [Joseph Aiello and Orazio Tropea], NYC, Pittsburgh, Boston, Erie, and Batavia, NYS.  By DiCarlo’s own death in 1922, the Family was a well-established and efficient organization.
Under his successor Stefano Magaddino, they expanded into Utica, Batavia, Rochester, Erie, Penn. and Toronto in Canada.
Chicago, Illinois.
 Chicago is an exception to the general rule of Mafia evolution.  Sicilians dominated most early Families, only allowing mainland Italians admittance from the 1920's.  In Chicago the early Sicilian organization was exterminated during the "Booze Wars", and replaced by the Neapolitan gang of Capone.  They were rewarded for supporting Masseria in the "Castellammarese War", by being inducted in the late 1920-early 1930's. Despite Masseria's defeat, this descion was confirmed by the newly formed Commission in 1932.
The chronology of this group, known today as the "Outfit", is well known.  It was built on the foundations of Colosimo's vice racket, by Torrio.  While Mafiosi considered pimping beneath them, Calabrians [Colosimo], Neapolitans [Capone] and Puglians [Torrio] were more pragmatic.  Soon Torrio expanded the gangs influence, in both territory and criminal activities.  Capone's reign saw him violently overpower all competitors, leaving his successors complete domination in the city and strong influence in neighbouring states.
We know there was an early recognised Sicilian Family in Chicago, as Nicola Gentile tells us so.  Evidence of when this Family formed is elusive and confusing.  The first mention of Mafia activity in Chicago, came from New Orleans Mafioso Joseph Provenzano in the 1890's.  In 1895 the Unione Siciliana was founded as a mutual aid society, and spread throughout several mid-western states.  Although the Unione would later become corrupted by Mafiosi, it seems to have been legitimate in it's first decade. 
The first prominent Sicilian group were the Morici brothers, from Termini Imerese, who operated on the Near North Side in the 1900's.  A faction from Cimmina, and headed by Mariano Zagone, may have rivaled them.  Zagone was wounded in 1906, and killed in 1909, and succeeded by Rosario Dispenza.  The Morici brothers fade from prominence about the same time.  Dispenza, like Zagone, may have been a power in the Unione.  He was a wealthy businessman, heading a Cimmina Society and a local bank.  Just the type of leader around which a Family might form.
We also know he had national connections, because of correspondence to him in 1909 from Giuseppe Morello of NYC.  Morello , according to Gentile, was the national head of the American Mafia.  In the letter Morello questions the admittance of a member, and mentions well known Mafiosi Vito Cascio Ferro and Paquale Enea.  All this points to Dispenza being the local head of a Family associated to the national organization. Dispenza, and his partner, were killed in 1914 for unknown reasons.
By the 1910's Chicago was in the grip of a major crime wave, with blackhand extortion ripe in the Italian area's.  Various criminal groups, Italian, Irish, Polish, Jewish, ect. were battling each other over criminal rackets.  The Family, if it existed by then, was small and not yet powerfull enough to dominate. 
Leadership of the Unione and Family became one and the same thing by the late 1910's.  Antonio D'Andrea became leader at this point, a fact confirmed by Gentile.  Born in Palermo, he had spent time in prison for participation in a counterfeiting ring run from NYC by Vito Cascio Ferro.  After his release, he became a power in various labour unions.  He also unsuccessfuly stood for political office in 1914 and 1916.  By 1920 he was a respected figure in national Mafia circles.  A violent election campaign in 1921 against the incumbent political faction, ended in D'Andrea's murder.
As D'Andrea's underboss, Michele Merlo succeeded to leadership of the Family.  Merlo was a a very different character to D'Andrea, less violent and more of a mediator.  He managed to keep the peace amongst competing gangs, and was respected by all.  However, he died of natural causes in 1924, and all hell broke loose.
The Genna brothers, originally from Marsala, seized control of the Unione and, with it, the local home brewing alcohol industry.  Soon they had come into conflict with the powerfull Northside O'Bannion gang.  After Dion O'Bannion was killed in 1924, his followers eliminated Angelo, two of his brothers and his successor as Unione president in 1925.  They also badly wounded Torrio, causing Capone's rise to leadership of that gang.
Two business partners contested the next Unione election, Antonio Lombardo and Joseph Aiello.  Lombardo backed by Capone, who as a non-Sicilian could not be a member, won.  He was a leader in the Merlo mould, more conciliator than warrior.  The embittered Aiello rallied the the old Genna followers, and planned his revenge.
Aiello and his brothers were from Bagheria, and had many relatives and associates across the Mid-west and east coast.  He had relatives in Milwaukee, Springfield,and St. Louis, and having lived in Utica and Buffalo in NYS, had contacts there.  Also his close friend Gaspare Milazzo, was a power in Detroit.
In 1927 Aiello organized the murder of Lombardo, and emerged as a rival to the Capone gang.  Capone reacted violently, and several Aiello followers were killed.  He also backed Joseph Giunta's election as new Unione head. Aiello fled Chicago, seeking support from his allies in Buffalo.  This led him to side with the Castellammarese Families in their conflict with Masseria in NYC. 
A peace conference was called in Cleveland in 1928 to resolve the various conflicts in NYC, Chicago and Cleveland.  All the attendees were Sicilian, with Giunta representing Capone.  The meeting was raided by Police, thus disrupting efforts to mediate the disputes. 
Back in Chicago, Giunta was killed and Pasqualino Lolordo, from Ribera, was elected as Unione head.  Aiello had made an alliance with the Northside gang, also enemies of the Capone gang.  This alliance of conveniece, struck at Capone by killing Lolordo and proclaiming Aiello head of the Unione.
Masseria in NYC, then broke with Mafia tradition, and inducted Capone and 10 of his followers into his Family.  This move was to counter the Castellammarese - Aiello alliance, and stop them gaining control in Chicago.  This was the start of the "official" recognition of the "Outfit", and spelled the end of the original Sicilian Family.
Capone's organization was too powerfull, and soon eliminated both the Northside gang [1929] and Aiello [1930].  Despite ending on the losing side in the "Castellammarese War", Capone was recognised as the head in Chicago, by the newly formed Commission in 1932. 
Over the following years, the Family expanded into Chicago Heights, Indiana, Iowa, ect.  They were also granted supervisory control over other Mid-western and West coast Families.

Cleveland, Ohio.
The early history of the Cleveland Family is dominated by two sets of brothers, who  grew-up together, associated in business and were friends.  That was until betrayal led to a bloodbath that destroyed both families. 
The Porello and Lonardo brothers were born, and grew-up, in the town of Licata in Agrigento Province.  They all worked in the local sulfur mine, owned by the Porello's father.  The Lonardo's, led by Giuseppe, were the first to emigrate in 1901.  Settling on Mulberry Street in the "Little Italy" section of Manhattan.  The Porello's, led by Rosario,followed them in 1904. 
Giuseppe Lonardo moved the family to Cleveland in 1905, settling in the Woodland area on the Eastside.  He was soon building a bad reputation, being arrested for a stabbing in 1906, which led to a 3 year prison sentance.  The brothers operated as wholesale grocers for some years. 
The Porello's also moved to Cleveland at some point, and Joseph Porello went to work for the Lonardo business.  Giuseppe Lonardo was arrested in 1916 for murder, but the charge was dismissed.  By this time he had founded a Licata Society, of which he was head.  Both these events would suggest he was already the leader of the local Mafia.
Nicola Gentile states that Lonardo was the "official" Capo of Cleveland, when he met him in 1919.  With the coming of Prohibition in 1920, the Lonardo's became the main supplier of corn sugar, a vital ingredient of alcohol.  This gave them control of the local home brewing industry.  Salvatore Todaro, another member from Licata, ran the distribution of bootleg alcohol for him.
In 1924 the Porello's set-up in opposition to Lonardo, thus causing a split in the Family.  Lonardo felt confident enough to visit Sicily in 1927, leaving his brother John in charge.  When he returned he found that Todaro had joined the Porello's, and taken many of his customers with him.  Before Lonardo had could move against Todaro, both he and his brother John, were killed.
This set-off a spate of killings that only ended 5 years later, and involved the murders of one more Lonardo, four Porello brothers, Todaro and many others.  The eventual victors of this bloodbath were a faction from the Mayfield area led by Frank Milano.  Milano's group combined both Sicilians and Calabrians, and later absorbed the surviving members of the Licata faction. 
Wether Milano, who was Calabrian, was an inducted member before the elimination of the Porello's is open to debate.  However, we know that Masseria recognised him as head by 1930-31.  Indeed he even warned his own brother, who lived in Cleveland, not to oppose Milano.
Milano was confirmed as leader of the Cleveland Family by the Commission in 1932.  The Family later expanded into various Ohio towns, Akron, Toledo, Youngstown, ect.

Colorado [Pueblo, Trinidad + Denver].
There is no conclusive evidence when this Family first formed, or who led it in it's  early days.  Blackhand extortion was rife in the mining towns of south Colorado from the 1900's, with talk of both Sicilian and Calabrian societies active.  Prohibition came to Colorado earlier than most states in 1916.  This led to the usual violence between gangs.
Domenico Pistone, who was killed in 1918 by an extortion victim and was related to the Danna and Mule families, was reputed to be the head of one such faction.  Most of the early Mafiosi were from Agrigento Provence, and especially the town of Lucca Sicula.  Connected families from the town were Danna, Colletti + Dionisio, with the Carlino's from nearby Villafranca Sicula.
The complicated gang war that broke-out in 1922 started with the murder of Pellegrino Scaglia, AKA Tony Viola.  Scaglia was a native of Burgio, a town close to Lucca Sicula, and had been involved in a long vendetta against a family called Cardinelli.  Indeed, a Cardinelli had been killed in Colorado shortly before Scaglia's death.  Gentile tells us that Scaglia's killing caused a split in the Pueblo Family, and led to a national meeting  to mediate it.
There then followed a 4 year gang war between the Carlino faction, allied to Scaglia, and the Danna faction.  After numerous killings, the Danna's were obliterated and the Carlino brothers emerged victorious.  In 1930 the Carlino's tried to move into Denver, encounterng a Calabrian faction headed by Joseph Roma.  After more bloodshed, Roma eliminated Joseph + Sam Carlino in 1931.  Two years later he would be betrayed, and killed, by his associates the Smaldone family.
Some Mafia historians consider first Carlino, then Roma, as heads of the Colorado Family, but there are reasons to dispute this.  First Gentile tells us there was a Pueblo Family in existence by 1922, and probably much earlier than that.  This is before the rise of the Carlino's, or Danna's.  He also states that the Family was under the protection of the Los Angeles Family.  The centre of the Families territory seems to have been Trinidad and Pueblo, and the Carlino's only lived in this area by the mid-1920's.  As he fails to name the Family leader, it may have been the murdered Scaglia.
As for Roma, as a Calabrian it is doubtfull the Sicilian members would have accepted him as leader.
So who did either succeed Scaglia, or possibly was the head already.  Some sources name Rosario Dionisio, born 1874 in Lucca Sicula, entered America in 1897, and the owner of a grocery store in Trinidad.  Later he would partner James Colletti and Frank Garofalo in a cheese company.  Colletti would become Family head in 1953, while Garofalo was the underboss of the NYC Bonanno Family.
Charles Blanda was the head between Dionisio and Colletti, while the Smaldone brothers in Denver may not have even been members of the Family.  This is a debateable point, as most sources have them heading the Family from 1975.  That was when Colletti's successor Joseph Spinuzzi died in Pueblo.  Spinuzzi, a fellow Calabrian, may have inducted them, as the Pueblo faction was almost inactive by then.

Detroit, Michigan.
Detroit was one of the bigger Families, yet despite this we have no mention of an organized Family until the 1930's.  However, the unusualy stable and relatively less violent years between 1921 to 1930, suggest some form of unity and control. 
Early factions within the Italian underworld fought a succession of conflicts, which seemed to lead one onto the next.  The Adamo brothers from Alcamo, supported by the Renda and Mirabile factions, gained a degree of domination during the later 1900's.  Also allied to them were the Castellammarese born Buccellato family.
In 1912 they came into conflict with the Giannola group from Terrasini, leading to the killing of both Adamo brothers in 1913.  This led to the Giannola's becoming the leading faction, and expanding their influence into the city of Detroit.   Immigrants from Terrasini settled in large numbers in Detroit and St. Louis during the first two decades of the century. 
The Giannola's hegemony would last until 1919, but an old vendetta from Sicily would soon cause more bloodshed.  Two factions from Castellammare had been fueding for decades, and brought the conflict to America.  Murders in Sicily and Brooklyn, led to a group of Castellammarese coming to Detroit to revenge the victims.  The targets were the Buccellato family, which suffered several deaths in 1916 + 17.
The Giannola's reigned supreme until falling-out with a faction from Cinisi, led by Giovanni Vitale.  The murder rate rose alarmingly from 1917 through to 1920, with both Giannola brothers victims in 1919.  Both sides imported gunmen from outside, and the cycle of violence continued until Vitale was killed in 1920.
The opposing factions finally agreed to a truce, and accepted a lasting peace by 1921.  All groups worked under Salvatore Catalanotte, a Mafiosi from Salemi, and a recognised peacemaker.  They used the Unione Siciliana society, of which Catalanotte was head, as the framework.  At this point it can certainly be said that a Family existed in Detroit.  An experienced Mafioso from Castellammare, Gaspare Milazzo was underboss and had strong connections to NYC, Brooklyn, Buffalo and Chicago.
With gang warfare rampant in most big cities, Detroit's peacefull interlude could not last.  Catalanotte died of natural causes in 1930, and Milazzo prepared to step into his place.  This eventuality caused unease in NYC, where Joseph Masseria was in conflict with Milazzo's Castellammarese allies.  Masseria, fearing a strenghening of the Castellammarese position, urged a Detroit faction leader Cesare LaMare to eliminate Milazzo.  This led to several murders over the following months, and ended with LaMare's.
As in 1921, the factions realised the futility of further conflict and agreed to a new realignment.  A table of leadership was worked-out, with William Tocco as head and various faction leaders as Capo's.  The new structure was approved by the new Commission in NYC, and sealed with marriage alliances among the members.  This new Family structure was so successful that it is still functioning 80 years later.   

Elizabeth, New Jersey.
 There are two theories about the foundation of this Family.  One is that it was originally a faction of the Newark Family, and gained it's independence after the disbanding of that Family in the min-1930's.  Taking the historical view, also confirmed in Bill Bonanno's book, that there were 26 Families nationwide by 1931.  This would leave no room in that total for a Family in Elizabeth. 
However, some sources claim not only was there an early Elizabeth Family, but that it was the first such group in America.  This honour is usually thought to belong to the New Orleans Family.  Without more evidence to the contrary, the first theory seems the most probable.  
What we can prove is that Ribera in Agrigento Province seems to have been the birth place of this group.  Among the known members the following familes originated in Ribera : - Amari, Caternicchio, Colletti, Corsentino, Galletta, Guarraci, LaRasso, Lolordo,  Riggi and Vitabile.  The Family may have had connections in Birmingham and Chicago.  Two important Chicago Mafiosi, Pasqualino Lolordo and Filippo Bacino, were born in Ribera.  Lolordo's brother Joseph fled to Elizabeth after his brothers murder in 1929. 
The first known head in Elizabeth was Filippo Amari, born 1899 in Ribera, who came to America in 1921 on the same ship as Carmelo Corsentino.  He was heading to an Uncle living in Elizabeth.  Amari emerged as Family head during the 1940's, although he was not popular and was deposed in 1958.
The Family had members active in NYC and Connecticut as well as New Jersey.

Kansas City, Missuori.
Unlike some cities, this Family is not centered on one particular area of origin.  Most early members came from western Sicily, the hotbed of Mafia activity.  Many of the familiar names, DiGiovanni, Balestrere, Ferrentelli, Nigro, Carrolla, Lusco, ect., were already residing in KC by the 1900's.  Giuseppe D'Amico, who died in 1913, was an early power in the Italian colony on the northside.
The usual vendetta's and fueds convulsed this area, one between the Campanella and Restivo families lasting a decade and extending to Dallas.  Black hand extortion was rife, and the appearence of the DiGiovanni name in a 1915 case, suggest's a Family was forming.  Another case in 1919, featuring mostly the same names,which  again led to no convictions, suggested political protection.  
Yet again we are indebted to Nicola Gentile for confirmation, as in his memoirs, he names Paolo DiGiovanni as the head in KC in 1921.  He was the eldest of the brothers, born in 1875, and possibly head from the mid-1910's.  With the coming of prohibition, and much violence between bootleggers, the DiGiovanni's formed an alliance with several others to monopolise the sale of corn sugar.  This combine, known as the "Sugar House " organization, grew to include 18 stockholders and kept the peace until 1933. 
Paolo DiGiovanni died in 1929, but may not have been Family head by then, as Gentile claims he himself was leader by 1922-4.  Gentile left for Sicily in 1925, and leadership may have fallen to John Lazia.  Lazia was a political power on the northside, and fronted the Families relationship with the ruling Pendergast political machine.  Lazia was killed in 1934 by a non-Mafia group.
Kansas City crime was dominated by political power, so Cosa Nostra was never as dominant  as in other Cities.

Los Angeles, California.
Again there are difficulties in finding a starting date for this Family.  So let us start, once again, with Nicola Gentile [where would we be without him !].  Gentile was in California in 1921, and met the LA Family leader Vito DiGiogio, and his underboss Rosario DeSimone.
Both men had only lived in LA for a short time, although long enough for DiGiorgio to make enemies, as he was wounded in 1920.  DiGiorgio moved from New Orleans, and DeSimone from Pueblo, and immediatly became leaders in LA.  So, the question is, why and how did they achieve this ? 
There are two possible scenario's : -
 1. -  Is that they moved to LA to form a new Family, as there was no recognised organization there.
Although possible, this seems less likely as DiGiorgio claimed control over the Pueblo Family as well as LA.  Such an accumulation of power in such a short time is debatable.
2. - To provide leadership to an established Family that was divided between warring factions.
There had been conflict between two factions in LA since 1906, and as in Colorado, most of the members were from the same town in Sicily.  In this case, they were from Piana Dei Albanesi [later Dei Greci], a village in Palermo Province populated by past immigrants from Albania.  The two factions were the Matranga's, who were known as the College Park Gang, and the Ardizzone's, known as the North End Gang.
The Matranga faction was dominant until 1916, when the old conflict started again, and led to the killing of Sam + Pierto Matranga in 1917.  Giuseppe Ardizzone, head of the North End Gang, emerged victorious but the Matranga's regrouped under a new leader, Antonio Buccola. 
The NYC based national leadership may have nominated DiGiorgio, and DeSimone, to mediate the dispute and stabilise the Family.  The killing stopped at this point, and there was relative peace for some years in the LA underworld.  DiGiorgio was killed in Chicago in 1922, but DeSimone probably led the Family from his base in Downey.  He was more of an advisor, and kept out of the cities street crime.
By the mid-1920's, Ardizzone had become the dominant power in LA and was known as the Ironman.  He, and Jack Dragna, formed the Italian Protective League, a cover for extortion and bootlegging.  At the end of the 1920's his dominance was challenged, and gang warfare erupted again.  Several faction leaders perished, including Buccola [1930] and Ardizzone [1931].  DeSimone resumed control, with Dragna as his underboss, and eventual successor. 

Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
For once a straight forward line of succession, and enough information to be able to date the Families foundation fairly accuratley.  Most of the early members entered the USA during the 1900's, and came from small towns in Palermo Province.  The Guardalabene [Santa Flavia], Balistrieri [Aspra], and Alioto [Sant Elia] families were from neighbouring  villages.  So a faction, under Vito Guardalabene, had formed by 1910. This is confirmed by some 1909 correspondence with Rosario Dispenza, the recognised head in Chicago.
Several murders in 1911-13 consolidated the Families dominance, which was never challenged again.  On the national stage, the Family backed their relatives the Aiello brothers in the Chicago gang war with Capone.  Indeed the Family leadership tried unsuccessfully to mediate the conflict at a 1926 meeting held near Milwaukee.  When the Aiello's lost, several followers fled to Milwaukee to seek protection and were accepted into the Family.  Two went onto establish a Family subsidiary in Madison in 1935, which some researchers recognise as a separate Family. Under succeeding leaders, the Family expanded into Kenosha and Racine as well as Madison.
 Eventually the Alioto and Balistrieri families came to dominate the leadership.  As early as 1897 a Balistrieri was arrested in Milwaukee for murder, and the Alioto's married early into the Guardalabene family.  Both families had relatives active in the San Francisco Family, and a Balestrere was prominent in Kansas City rackets.

Newark, NewJersey.
This Family is still a mystery to most researchers, as we have very little information on it's early history.
 All of our sources [Valachi, Bonanno, Gentile] agree that at the start of the "Castellammarese War" in 1930, Stefano Badami was the head of the Newark Family.  Badami, from Corleone, allied with Maranzano and was in conflict with a Neapolitan gang from the 3rd ward, headed by Masseria ally Ruggerio Boiardo.  Maranzano sent Valachi to Newark to help the Badami Family, and in November 1930 he participated in a hit on Boiardo, leaving him badly wounded.
After Maranzano's murder in 1931, several of his most prominent supporters were demoted.  Badami was one of these, and was succeeded by Gaspare D'Amico a member from Villabate.  D'Amico had to withstand a challenge from Vincenzo Troia, which ended in Troia's murder in 1935.
Joseph Profaci, one of the new Family heads in NYC, was a fellow townsman  and supporter of D'Amico.  But in 1937 they had a disagreement, and Profaci sent gunmen to kill D'Amico at his Macaroni factory.  They only wounded him, and killed his father, forcing D'Amico to abdicate and flee America.
The Commission decided to disband the Newark Family, declare it an open area, give the Elizabeth faction it's independence, and allow it's members to join other Families.
That is the "official" story of the Newark Family, as stated by most sources.  But is it believable that there was no Mafia activity during the 1910-20's, a period when crime and gang warfare were endemic in most major cities ?  The Family must have been active during this time.
Badami only seems to have arrived in America in 1927, surely too late to become an established Family head by 1930.  D'Amico was living there by 1917, Pietro Campisi [father to the infamous brothers] by 1915, and the Accardi brothers by 1921.  Although it can not be proved, there were enough Mafiosi living in Newark to have formed an organization by the 1920's.  

New England.
Boston, on the east coast of America, was a point of entry for immigrants from Italy.  So it is probable that a large Italian community existed there from an early date.  Within that community, Sicilian Mafiosi were active by the 1890's.  This is confirmed by newspaper reports from Boston, New Orleans and San Francisco, and a Secret Service report. 
A man named Gioacchino Cocchiara was attacked several times, with known Brooklyn Mafiosi like Antonio Cincotta reported to be enemies of his.  This Brooklyn  connection would resurface later in various counterfeiting and Black Hand extortion cases.  If a Family was already in existence by 1910, a possible head could have been Gaspare DiCola, known as the Lemon King.  DiCola, born in Termini Imerese in Palermo Province, entered America in 1892 and was killed in 1916.  The extent of his influence was obvious at his funeral, as mourners came from NYC, Buffalo, Chicago and Pittsburgh.
A year before this, Gaspare Messina arrived from Brooklyn where he had resided since emigrating in 1905.  Messina was born in Salemi in Trapani Province, and within a few years had brought together several factions from the italian districts in the North, East and West of Boston.  By 1920 he was recognised by the NYC based national leadership, and attended an inter-state meeting in Buffalo [information from our old friend Gentile]. 
Messina is believed to have retired from leadership by 1925, to concentrate on his business in Fruit and Oil [his partner was Frank Cucchiara, another Mafiosi from Salemi].  He was succeeded by Filippo Bruccola, an expierenced Mafioso from Palermo.  Messina would emerge once more in 1930 as the temporary head of the national organization, in an attempt to mediate the "Castellammarese War". 
About the same time Messina arrived in Boston, the Morelli brothers, also from Brooklyn, moved to Providence Rhode Island.  The gang, led by Joseph, terrorised the area  by  violently robbing banks and business premises.  One robbery and murder led to the execution of Sacco and Vanzetti, two innocent anarchist's.  Eventually the gang, now led  by Frank Morelli, settled into a less violent faction.
At some point the Boston and Providence groups merged into a single Family, led by Bruccola.  As with most Families, they expanded into nearby states like Maine, New Hampshire and Connecticut.  The Family also formed alliances with the Genovese and Colombo  Families in NYC.
Bruccola retired in the 1950's, and his successor Patriarca moved the Family base to Providence.

New Orleans.
Most sources, both inside and outside the Mafia, consider the New Orleans Family the oldest organized Family in America.  As such they were given freedom from Commission control, and held in high esteem by members nationwide.  With NYC, New Orleans was the main entry point, and the climate more attractive to Sicilians. 
By the 1860's there were signs of factions forming, and in 1869 a conflict between groups fom Palermo and Messina erupted.  This ended with the murder of the leader of the Palermo group, and the first mention of Joseph Macheca.  Macheca was the son of an imprisoned Sicilian, who had been adopted into the Maltese Macheca family.  He would become a power in both politics and business.
Around 1870 a group from Monreale began forming, headed by Salvatore Marino and Salvatore Matranga.  The Monreale Mafia were known as the Stoppaglieri, and according  to a pentitto, had the traditional initiation ceremony.  Marino died in 1878, leaving Salvatore Matranga, and his sons Carlo [Charles] and Antonio as leaders.  The Family held their meetings in the prosperous area of Carroltown.
In 1880 the former bandit Giuseppe Esposito arrived, but was betrayed and deported in 1881.  This seems to have caused some tensions within the Sicilian community.  Amongst his supporters were the Provenzano brothers, whose group held the contract for unloading on the docks.  At some point in the mid-1880's, the Matranga Family won this right from the Macheca company.
This caused a conflict, with the Provenzano's ambushing, and seriously wounding, Antonio Matranga.  The Provenzano's were arrested and tried, but aquitted in 1890.  The new Chief of Police David Hennesey, who had a past acrimonious history with Macheca, tended to side with the more Americanized Provenzano's.  While Macheca was allied to Charles Matranga and his group.  The Matranga's dealt with the problem violently, and killed Hennesey.
They were arrested and tried twice in 1891, but bribery and intimidation brought aquittals, although they were kept in prison for their own safety.  Outraged by this a mob, led by prominent citizens, stormed the prison and lynched and shot 11 prisoners.  Macheca was among the victims, but Charles Matranga survived and went back to work on the docks.  The Provenzano's, who had publicly called their opponents Mafiosi, left New Orleans.
During the decade following the lynchings Mafia activity in New Orleans was subdued, although small groups in rural Louisiana remained active. Charles Matranga may have continued as a leader, perhaps as a figurehead, but there is no evidence either way.  Meanwhile Mafiosi from Palermo and Corleone arrived and by 1900, had supplanted the original group.
Correspondence between local Mafiosi and Giuseppe Morello, the national head in NYC, suggest a continuing organized Family still in existence.  The arrival of Vito Cascio Ferro in 1903,was probably to mediate various conflicts ongoing during these years.  At this point Francesco Motisi [AKA Genova], a notorious criminal from Palermo, may have been leader.  His possible successor Paul DiCristina ran into opposition, including a shooting war with the Giacona family, and was killed in 1910.  Giuseppe Morello himself seems to have visited in 1909 to mediate the problems.
Vincenzo Moreci, from Termini, emerged as the leader, but was killed in 1915 in another outburst of violence.  After surviving being shot in 1916, Vito DiGiorgio may have succeeded to leadership.  DiGiorgio left in 1920, to take control of the Los Angeles Family.  Eventually Corrado Giacona, a rich wine merchant who also survived being shot, was accepted as head.  Important members at this time were Sylvestro Carrolla, Battista Pecoraro, Francesco Todaro and Leoluca Trombatore.   

New York City.
Recent ground breaking research has allowed us to push our knowledge of NYC's Mafia Families back to the 1880-90's.  Researchers already had good information on the Morello gang, a group active in Harlem and originating in Corleone.  This group formed around 1900, and had always been considered the earliest organized faction in the city.
Mafiosi from the city of Palermo however, seem to have been organizing from as early as the 1880's.  As the capital of Sicily, and the possible birthplace of the Mafia, Palermo Cosca members  would have more prestige, and be more numerous.  Those advantages would accompany them to America.
The third early faction are the Castellammarese, but the begginings of this group is surprisingly different from our first perception.

Genovese Family.
Most sources quote the Corleonese Morello gang as the founders of this Family.  But research of early Genovese members, tends to refute this.  While there are certainly connections, and familial links, only the rump of the Corleonese criminal community joined the emerging Family.  The one remaining Terranova brother and a few followers, having been defeated by the D'Aqulia faction by 1923, allied to the then rebel Masseria group. 
The real founder of this Family was Joseph Masseria, who started forming his group after his release from prison around 1918.  His base was in the "Little Italy" section of Manhattan, an area containing a mix of Sicilian, Neapolitan and Calabrese criminals.  As the Terranova brothers had retreated to 116th Street, Masseria found some space to build his faction.  With the other Families recruiting only Sicilians, Masseria boosted his "illegal" faction by inducting non-Sicilians.  He could do this as he was not "recognised" by the "official" organization led by D'Aquila.
Masseria is always depicted as an old style "Greaseball", when in fact his actions were the exact opposite of a traditionalist.  His revolutionary step of bringing Neapolitans, Calabrians and American born criminals into his organization, broke all the rules.  Masseria, and his Family, may not have been officially recognised until D'Aquila's murder in 1928. The new,and  former national head, Joseph Morello restored them to membership.  One of Masseria's first acts was to induct the Neapolitan Capone, and his followers, into his Family.
Soon even the traditionaly Sicilian Families were following this new trend, much to the disgust of "Mustache Petes" like Maranzano.  The Family Masseria built survived to the present day, because of the quality of it's leaders Luciano [Sicilian], Costello [Calabrian] and Genovese [Neapolitan].
During the next decades the Family expanded into New Jersey, Connecticutt, Springfield and Worcester, and all area's of New York and Brooklyn.  They also represented Families nationwide on the Commission.

Lucchese Family.
After the jailing of their leader Giuseppe Morello in 1910, the Morello faction came under attack from various rivals.  Salvatore D'Aquila became the national head, and disputed control on the  LES, while the Camorra gangs from Brooklyn moved in on their gambling and artichoke rackets.  Faced with open warfare, the remaining Terranova brothers relocated to their 116th Street stronghold.
This left the Corleonese community around East 106-108th streets without protection and leadership.  It is at this point that the future Lucchese Family began forming.  Various names of possible early leaders include Ippolito Greco, Joseph LaPorta and Angelo Gagliano.  Gagliano seems the most likely, as he was involved with most of the major Family names of the early period.  He testified for Morello in 1910, was named during the 1914 Baff murder inquiry, was a partner of Greco, an employer of Gaetano Reina and Jack Dragna, was related to Tommaso Gagliano, Calogero and Vincent Rao, was a brother to Vincenzo, and an Uncle to Joseph, and had Mariano Marsalisi as a witness on his Naturalization papers.
At some time in the mid-1920's Gaetano Reina became leader, and although retaining a strong prescence in Harlem, most of the leadership moved to the Bronx.  This allowed them to dominate in this area, while the other Families were competing against each other in Manhattan and Brooklyn. 
Over time the Family had regimes in Brooklyn and New Jersey, and spoke on the Commission for Los Angeles and other Families.

Gambino Family.
Recent research strongly indicates that a faction dominated by Palermo natives was active as early as the 1880's.  A senior Police officer [Byrnes] stated this in 1881, after the Esposito episode.  The same source repeated this in 1888, following the Flaccomio murder.  This  was confirmed by New Orleans Mafiosi, talking after the 1891 "Mafia Lynchings".
Sicilians began arriving in NYC + Brooklyn in the 1840's, with the majority originating in Palermo.  This makes sense, as Palermo was the main port of embarkation and New York the main port of arrival for Sicilians. By the 1880's they had settled communities in Manhattan ["Little Italy" + LES], and Brooklyn [Downtown + South].  New York and Brooklyn were seperate cities until 1898, so there may have been two factions in existence at this time.
Early leaders may have included Michele Chiaramonte and Gaetano Russo, and counter-feiting was an important source of income.  Close connections were maintained with Sicily, and the other important early Mafia base in New Orleans.  During the 1890's Italian immigration multiplied, bringing larger numbers of Mafiosi to America.  Leaders in Manhattan may have included Nicola Taranto + Candalaro Bettini, and in Brooklyn were Antonio Cincotto + Giuseppe Trovato.
By 1900 another faction started forming in Harlem, mainly of natives of Corleone.  Within  a few years a Castellammarese faction formed in Williamsburg Brooklyn.  The Palermo faction, numerically stronger than these, came under the leadership of Ignazio Lupo.  He seemed to be the leader in both NCY + Brooklyn, and was related to Giuseppe Morello, the Corleonese leader.
There is some confusion about who held the most power between Lupo and Morello.  Lupo headed the strongest Family, but Morello was recognised as the head of the national organization [source is Gentile].  They probably shared control, and partnered in several rackets, one of which was counter-feiting. 
After both were jailed in 1910 there was turmoil within both factions, with intirim leaders appointed.  Finally in 1912, Salvatore D'Aquila was elected head of the Palermitani Family.  This caused conflict, and a group split from the Family under Manfredi Mineo.  Allying with the Corleonese + Castellammarese Families, they opposed D'Aquila and fought a losing war against him.  D'Aquila, as a consequence of his victory was named national head of the organization.
This conflict would be repeated in 1920-23, after Morello and Lupo were released from prison.  Lupo retired to Brooklyn, but Morello tried to reclaim his power.  A peace was finally achieved, and D'Aquila led the Family until his murder in 1928.
The Family, now known as the Gambino Family, survives to the present day and is, along with the Genovese Family, still the strongest in NYC.  

Colombo Family.
This Family seems to have come into existence after a split in the Palermitani Family, or was always a seperate group based in Brooklyn.  The first we hear of them is in 1913, when the Secret Service informant Salvatore Clemente told of a faction under Manfredi Mineo.  Mineo was a recent arrival from Palermo, and allied with the Corleonese + Castellammarese factions to oppose D'Aquila. 
This would suggest a revolt within the Palermitani criminal community, although how Mineo became so important in such a short period is puzzling.  The reason could be that the split replicated conflicts between competing coshe in Palermo.  D'Aquila seems to have overcome this opposition, and Mineo's faction may have returned to the Palermo Family.  What we do know for sure is that after D'Aquila's murder in 1928, Mineo succeeded him as head.
A second theory is that the Brooklyn based Palermitani faction, active since the 1880's, stayed seperate, or broke away after Lupo's jailing in 1910, and it was this group that Mineo led.
Further complicating matters is that both NARA records, and Bill Bonanno's book, state that Salvatore DiBella started this Family in the mid-1920's.  DiBella was also from Palermo, as was his possible successor Giuseppe Piraino.  Piraino was killed in 1930 in a conflict then raging between Sicilian and Calabrian groups for control of South Brooklyn rackets.
At about this time the "Castellammarese War" started, during which Mineo was killed.  Joseph Bonanno,a Maranzano aide, stated that Joseph Profaci led a Family and stayed neutral in the conflict.  Profaci, from Villabate, did not move to Brooklyn until the mid -1920's. According to Valachi he seems to have been firmly in the Maranzano camp, being present at several Castellammarese safe houses.  At the end of the conflict Profaci became leader of this Family, possibly as a reward for supporting Maranzano.
So how do we unravel this confusing history, and find a founding date for this Family ?  The most likely theory is that Mineo's faction was a temporary break-away from the D'Aquila Family, and not the start of the future Colombo Family.  Which means that DiBella probably founded, or led another break-away of Palermitani into, the new Family in the mid-1920's.  After the disruption of 1930-31, Profaci was selected by Maranzano, and confirmed by the Commission, as leader.

Bonanno Family.
This Family has always been thought of as the Castellammarese Family of Brooklyn.  But it's origins go back to several related Mafiosi from small towns like Camporeale, Roccamena and Partinico.  The Camporeale group arrived first, possibly led by Antonio Governale, and settled in Williamsburg Brooklyn.  In 1906 Paolo Orlando, reputedly the head of a Family in Tunis, arrived to take over leadership.  An anonymous letter to Police in 1909 confirmed this. He and Governale, from Camporeale, Nicola Schiro, from Roccamena, and Salvatore Grippi, from Partinico, were all related and constituted a leadership group. 
From the early 1900's a community of immigrants from Castellammare began forming in Williamsburg, and as both groups lived in the same area, they soon combined.  The first leader of this Family appears to have been Sebastiano DiGaetano from Castellammare.  The Castellammarese community continued to grow, and began to dominate the Family.
DiGaetano may have been appointed temporary national head, after Morello and Lupo were jailed in 1910.  Salvatore Clemente told the Secret Service in 1912 that DiGaetano had "lost his nerve", and retired.  Nicola Schiro succeeded him, and allied with the Corleonese + Mineo factions to oppose Salvatore D'Aquila's Family.  The Family soon had another problem, when an old vendetta from Castellammare re-ignited in 1916.  Open warfare erupted between the Buccellato and Bonventre / Magaddino families in Brooklyn and Detroit.  The latter faction, calling themselved the "Good Killers", finally eliminated their opponents by 1921. 
By 1920 groups of Castellammarese had settled in Detroit, Buffalo, Philadelphia and Binghampton.  Schiro led his Family into the 1920's, when he again allied with the the Morello faction to fight D'Aquila.  The group known as the "Good Killers" led by Vito Bonventre, did most of the fighting, but D'Aquila again triumphed.  Schiro continued as leader until the late 1920's, when a new powerfull enemy appeared.
Intimidated by Giuseppe Masseria, he lost the respect of his Family and fled, leaving them leaderless.  Salvatore Maranzano succeeded him, and led the Family into the conflict known as the "Castellammarese War".  Eventually Joseph Bonanno became head, and led the Family for the next 30 years.
The Family had always had members in Manhattan, and expanded into New Jersey, Montreal, and Arizona.  They represented Colorado and California Families on the Commission. 

[ For more detailed information on the founding of the NYC Families, use the following sources : -
Morello / Corleonese : - The First Family, a book by Mike Dash.
Palermitani, Castellammarese + Corleonese : - a ground-breaking article by Warner, Santino + Van't Riet in the April 2014 issue of the Informer on-line magazine.] 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
This Family followed the usual pattern of Sicilian immigration, but only up to a certain point.  While most emigrants would be excepted to  head to a large city, in Pennsylvania most went to work in the mining area's further west.  By the 1880's there was a group from Sciacca living in Norristown, and an influential individual called DiGiovanni in the cities suburbs.
Within the city, most Italians gravitated to the "Little Italy" in South Philly, around  Christian + 9th Street's.  Some sources claim a Family existed by 1900, but looking at when known members arrived in America, this seems unlikely.  Most arrived after 1900, usually via NYC, and then moved onto Philly.  So a later date about 1910 looks about right.
Groups from Caccamo, Castellammare, Campobello di Mazzara and Belmonte Mezzagno constituted the core of the early Family.  The Belmonte group may have provided an early leader in Francesco Barrale.  They had an important patron in Giuseppe Traina, from Belmonte and a leading member of the D'Aquila Family in NYC.
Traina was also central in sponsoring Salvatore Sabella as the next Family head around 1919.  Sabella was from Castellammare, which led the Family to siding with Maranzano in the "Castellammarese War".  Members from Enna + Messina Provinces in Eastern Sicily joined during the 1920-30's.  Non-Sicilians from Calabria, Abruzzi and Campania were inducted later in the 1930-50's.
The Family covered an area including southern New Jersey, from where Joseph Bruno and Joseph Ida would later run the Family.  It was represented by the Genovese Family, until Angelo Bruno entered the Commission in the 1960's.

[Best source for early Mafia activity in Philadelphia is the trilogy of books by Celeste Morello : - Before Bruno 1-2-3.]

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania attracted Italian immigrants, mainly because of work available in the mining industry.  These included many from the mainland, including large numbers from Calabria and Campania, who tended to out-number the Sicilians.  Sicilian communities grew in both north and south Pittsburgh, while mainland Italians mainly lived in east Pittsburgh.
Early members of the Family came mainly from towns in Palermo Province, like Caccamo, Termini, Trabia, ect.  But the first known leader was Gregorio Conti, from Comitini in Agrigento Province [source is Gentile, again].  However at this time [1915], the Sicilians were subject to Camorra domination in Pittsburgh.  The Camorra leader Ferdinando Mauro was a close associate and business partner of Conti, both being witness on the others Naturalization papers.  There also seems to have been a strong Calabrian group under Fortunato Calabro, possibly allied to Mauro.
Led by the newly arrived Gentile, the Sicilians revolted against Camorra domination and warfare broke-out.  Gentile calls his opponents the Calabrian Camorra, which is confusing as Camorra was a Neapolitan organization.  Whatever, the Sicilians triumphed and gained at least parity in the Italian underworld.  The fact that both Mauro and Calabro survived the conflict, suggests that none of the various factions gained total dominance.
The only leader to perish was Conti, killed in 1919 and replaced by Salvatore Calderone, from Termini.  The Family gained control of the local fruit trade and Italian market.  An important faction from Villarosa, in Enna Province, joined during these years.  Around the mid-1920's the Monastero brothers, Stefano and Salvatore, became leaders after Calderone's retirement. 
Throughout the 1920's Calabrian and Neapolitan factions continued to contest the Families  domination.  Several attempts were made to kill Stefano Monastero, mainly by a Neapolitan gang-leader called Giuseppe Pangallo.  These attempts were finally successfull in 1929, with his brother killed soon after.  The Family leadership passed to Giuseppe Siragusa, and membership opened to Neapolitans and Calabrians.
Later Calabria [Bazzano], Naples [Amato + Genovese] and Sicily [LaRocca] would all provide leaders.  The Families influence would spread to New Kennsington, Braddock, Wilmerding and other area's of Pennsylvania.  They would also dispute control of Youngstown, Erie and Rochester with other Families.

Pittston, Pennsylvania.
The area around Pittston, Scranton and Wilkes-Barre is coal mining country, and the early history of the Family is tied to this.  The coal industry needed miners, so immigrants from the sulfur mining area in Caltanisetta Province began arriving in the late 1890's. 
By 1910 over 100 families from Montedoro were living in a mining village called" Brandy Patch" in Pittston.  Among the family names were Bufalino, Sciandra,LaTorre, Morreale, Volpe, Alaimo, ect. Later members from San Cataldo and Serradifalco arrived in Pittston.  This community had close connections with other Caltanisetta immigrants in Buffalo NYS. 
None of the known early members arrived in America before 1900, with Stefano LaTorre in 1903 being the first.  Soon his brother-in-law Santo Volpe and 2nd cousins the Bufalino brothers joined him.  A 1907 police raid on a Black Hand gang netted Calogero Bufalino, LaTorre, Volpe and several others.  At the subsequent trial attended by known NYC and Philadelphia Mafiosi, police and prosecuters were threatened.  This would suggest that a Family was already in existence, although it's leader is unknown.
Through the 1910-20's Bufalino, Volpe and LaTorre were involved in owning mining companies.  The Family members all worked for these companies, or were involved in mining workers union activities.  This included much conflict and bloodshed in the late 1920's-early 1930's.  The members were also involved in bootlegging, gambling and other crimes.
The connection with Buffalo ran through Joseph Barbara, who operated in the Endicott area of NYS.  From Castellammare, and a former inhabitant of Scranton, Barbara was implicated in several Pittston murders in the early 1930's.  He ran a bottling plant, and formed a regime of mostly Castellammarese members.  Some sources named him as a Buffalo member, but he eventually headed the Pittston Family [1949-59].  His successor, and former Capo in Pittston, was Rosario Bufalino, the nephew of Calogero.

[Source  : - article in the April 2011 issue of the Informer on-line magazine].

While Rochester was the scene of violent conflicts between various factions during the early years, there was no "recognised" organization there.  Following the "Castellammarese War" [1930-31] the new Commission gave the Buffalo Family control of NYS.  Stefano Magaddino, head in Buffalo, inducted local Sicilians and formed a regime in Rochester.
A possible early Capo could have been Pasquale Amico, who died in 1947.  At the 1957 Apalachin meeting, the regime was represented by Costenze Valenti.  Valenti was jailed for obstruction, and Giacomino Russolessi [AKA Jake Russo] took control for the Buffalo Family.
Valenti, and his brother Frank who was a Capo in the Pittsburgh Family, regained control in 1964 with the disappearence of Russolessi.  During the late 1960's Magaddino began losing control over his widespread Family, allowing the Valenti's to declare the Rochester regime an independent Family in 1970.
Although Costenze [Stanley] was officially head, it was Frank Valenti who really ran the Family.  He had the support of the Pittsburgh Family, but soon lost the members respect.  A revolt in 1972 led to the Valenti's retirement, with Salvatore Rusotti succeeding them.
The new leadership lasted only a few years before being jailed in 1975, which allowed an aborted Valenti comeback.  There then followed years of conflict and murder, before more convictions in the 1980's decimated the Family.
The youngest Family in America is now almost extinct, and under the control of the NYC based Bonanno Family.

Rockford, Illinois.
Rockford is situated between Chicago and Milwaukee, and it's Families foundation and early history was heavily influenced by those Families.  Although there was Black Hand activity in Rockford during the 1900-10's, organization did not begin until the mid-1920's.  This coincided with the arrival of an experienced Mafioso called Antonio Musso.
Musso was born in Partinico and emigrated in 1912, going to a relative called Finazzo in Detroit.  He moved around over the next decade, living in New Orleans, Chicago and St. Louis, where his first arrest's occured.  He was very well connected, as in-laws included  Mafiosi John Piro [NO + LA] and Antonio Lombardo [Chicago].  The latter was a close associate of Capone, and head of the Chicago Unione Siciliana, until killed in 1928.
By the early 1920's he was living in Madison, where he was arrested in both 1924 + 25, and possibly a member of the Milwaukee Family.  Probably with the support of Capone, he moved to Rockford and began to organize an "official" Family [1926].  Most of the early members were from small towns like Marsala, Roccamena and SanGiuseppe Iato.
In 1930 a faction headed by the Giovingo brothers opposed Musso, and a 3 year conflict ensued.  The Giovingo's were probably allied to the Aiello faction, enemies of Capone and responsible for Lombardo's murder.  By 1933 the Giovingo's were killed-off and the Family came to dominate Rockford.
Over the following years members from Aragona in Agrigento Province came to dominate the Family.  Rockford had strong ties to the Springfield, Milwaukee and Chicago Families, and were represented on the Commission by the latter.

San Francisco, California.
Mafia activity in San Francisco is first reported in 1875, when a small gang moved in from New Orleans.  The leader of this group was Rosario Meli, and his gang specialized in extorting fellow Italians.  They were arrested in 1878, and charged with the murder of one of their extortion victims.  Meli was extradited to Sicily in 1880, but escaped  and never arrived.
The Italian district was relatively quite during the 1890-1900's, except for a small gang of extortioners led by Giuseppe Bona.  Many of the Italian population in SF were from Northern Italy, and had no criminal proclivities.  But by 1910 several future Family members had settled in SF, like the Alioto, Lazio, Maita, Sabella,LaFata and Pedone families.
The Family seems to have been founded during the early 1910's, and centered on the related Ingrassia, Alioto and Lazio families.  They were involved in the fishing industry around Fishermans Wharf, and were partners in a restaurant there.  Because of their success as businessmen, they were subject to extortion by Blackhanders.  This was the Pedone gang, who tried to extort Gaetano Ingrassia, possibly the head of the Family.  In 1916 Ingrassia met  with Antonio + Giuseppe Pedone, and wounded them both.  However, Antonio's son shot and killed Ingrassia in retaliation.  This started a fued that would last for 8 years.
Although all the participants were Sicilians, Ingrassia's relatives testified against the Pedones who were convicted.  This indicates that the Pedones were not Mafia, as no Mafioso would testify against another.  In prison the Pedones talked, which supports the theory they were not Mafiosi.  They talked about a grand council of the Camorra, headed by a Antonio Delano [AKA Michael Gallo].  This may be the man arrested in 1913, and a Family associate in the 1930's.  Another name linked to a Camorra gang was Domenico Imperato [1874-1946].
The leadership of the old Pedone gang was taken over by the LaFata brothers, and they killed Mariano Alioto who had testified against the Pedones.  The fued was finally ended by the murder of Rosalino LaFata in 1924.
Our old friend Nicola Gentile  was in SF in 1921, and described the unamed Family leader as a man of advanced years.  Just who this was is a mystery, members old enough include Giuseppe Alioto [a brother of Mariano], Fillipo Maita and Francesco Lanza.  Lanza had arrived from NYC in 1919, and partnered with the Alioto and Lazio families.  Other new members joining during the 1920's included the LaRocca and Sciortino families.  The latter were also from NYC, and would later lead the San Jose Family.  The Family was reinforced by new arrivals from NYC, Chicago and New Orleans.
Another developement was the appearence of non-Sicilians amongst the membership.  The Lima family were Calabrians, and had been involved in extortion in Pennsylvania.
The series of murders that occured between 1928 and 1932, of which most participants were Calabrians + Neapolitans, may not have involved the Family at all.  By the late 1920's Lanza was in control of the Family, and he kept a low profile.  It was many years before another "Mafia" murder occured in SF.  The leadership passed to Anthony Lima in 1937, and in the early 1940's a faction split from the Family to form the San Jose Family.   

San Jose, California.
This Family, one of the last formed, is a break-away faction of the much older San Francisco Family.  The FBI claims it was formed in 1942, and led by Onofrio Sciortino, this may well be accurate.  We do not know the reason for the split, but several SF members had lived in the SJ area for years.
Founding members included the Sciortino brothers, Alfonso Gunetta, Joseph Lintini and Giuseppe Vicari.  As early as 1921 Gentile claimed Carmelo + Onofrio Sciortino were SF members.
The Family attracted members from Brooklyn, Pennsylvania and Detroit, with a strong connection to the Colombo Family in NYC.  It was never regarded as a strong organization, and had several FBI informants in it's ranks. 

Springfield, Illinois.
This Family, like Rockford, is sometimes considered a satellite faction of the Chicago "Outfit".  However it's early connections appear to be closer to St. Louis than Chicago.  Situated in central Illinois, Springfield is the state capital.  Italian immigrants arriving in the 1890-1900's were attracted by jobs in the mining industry.
An Italo-American club was founded in 1910, and headed by the future father-in-law of Frank Zito.  The Zito brothers, and several early members, were from San Giuseppe Iato in Palermo Province.  By the mid-1910's they were involved in Blackhand extortion in nearby Bendl, with Frank arrested for murder.  They moved onto Springfield in time for the start of Prohibition in 1920.
Frank Zito was soon involved in bootlegging, operating out of a soft drinks store he owned.  He co-operated with his old associates in Benld led by Dominic Tarro.  In 1924 he married into the Sgro family, and began to build an organization.
In 1927 the Family became involved in the gang war in St. Louis, after two Aiello brothers were killed in Springfield.  The brothers were related to the Russo faction, while Zito was allied to the "Green Ones".  Survivors of the "Green Ones" faction, later moved to Illinois and joined the Family.
The authorities cracked down on the Families bootlegging ring in 1930-31, and arrested many members and associates.  The Benld faction were also affected, and Tarro was found murdered in 1930.  Frank Zito was among those convicted, and spent some time in prison [1933-4].  But the Family that Zito built survived and continued operating for the next half century.

St. Louis, Missouri.
There were reports that Mafiosi from New Orleans moved to St. Louis after their leader was killed in a conflict in 1869.  But there are no further details known, and Blackhand activity only became a problem in the 1890's.  This became more pronounced in the 1900's, with wealthy businessmen , like the Viviano family, becoming victims of extortion and kidknapping.  Italian immigrants collected in two distinct area's, "The Hill" in southwest St. Louis and downtown "Little Italy".
It was not till 1910 that that the public truly became aware of organized criminal activity in "Little Italy".  A fued led to the death of a known Mafioso called Cammarata, the decapitation of a defence witness and a sensational trial.  That same year a Neapolitan fruit dealer called Capuano was killed on the "Hill". 
By the mid-1910's the Giambrone brothers, led by Domenico, from  Palermo Province had become a power in "Little Italy".  They ran their rackets from a saloon on Biddle Street, including murder in 1917.  Domenico Giambrone was the first recognised faction leader in the city, but other factions were soon to dispute his position.
Pasquale Santino, a son-in law of the murdered Capuano, led a gang of fellow Agrigento-born members, including the father of future Family head Anthony Lopiparo.  Santino ran a protection racket against local merchants.  He also had contacts in Cleveland, where the dominant faction was also from Agrigento Province.
By the late 1910's the Giannola brothers, from Balestrate, had muscled their way into the meat and produce industry.  Adding feared enforcer Alfonso Palazzolo in 1921, they began to clash with the rival factions.  Although prominent in the Italian area's, these factions were virtually unknown in the wider city.
By the start of Prohibition several other gangs controlled larger area's of St. Louis.  On the northside the mainly Irish-American "Egans Rats" and Hogan gangs struggled for dominance.  They were both closely connected to political circles, indeed the leader of the Hogan's was a state representative.  These two gangs would clash in a bloody fued that lasted years, and left many corpses.
While all the factions were violent, the prize for murderous mayhem must go to the "Cuckoo" gang of Soulard.  This neighborhood had a mixed population of Irish, German, Slavs and Maronite christian Syrians.  The Cuckoo's would split into factions, reform, split again and fight all-comers over the coming years.
Bootlegging was taken-up by all the gangs, and inevitably this caused conflict amongst them.  In Little Italy the Giannola gang, now called the "Green Ones" and reinforced by manpower from Chicago and Detroit, started to gain dominance.  Santino's faction tended to co-operate, but Giambrone resisted and paid the price.  Early in 1922 Domenico was wounded, and after his brother Paul was killed, he left town in late 1923.  He would return 11 years later, only to be murdered in 1934.
The Giannola's, led by Vito, were now dominant in Little Italy and by the mid-1920's could be considered a Family.  They had strong allies in Chicago, Detroit and Springfield and a possible connection to the national leadership in NYC.  In 1928 Frank Agrusa, then leader, attended the Mafia summit in Cleveland.
However the next few years were full of conflict with both fellow Mafiosi and the Cuckoo's.  Amongst the dead were Vito Giannola, Alfonso Palazzolo, Pasquale Santino, Carmelo Fresina, 3 Russo brothers, and many more.  With the end of Prohibition, and the re-organization of Cosa Nostra, the remaing factions came together.  However, the violence had driven many possible members to move onto other cities.  The Licavoli, Moceri and Bommarito families went to Detroit, while the some of the surviving Green Ones [Agrusa + Impastato] moved to Springfield.
The St.Louis Family never recovered from this exodus, and remained small and low-key throughout it's later existence.  The FBI even suggested that the Kansas City Family took control, and sent Gaetano Buffa and Anthony Lopiparo  to St. Louis.  This is patently untrue, as both men had lived in the city for years.  The Family leadership seems to have run through Buffa, Pasquale Micelli, Vincenzo Chiapetta, Lopiparo to Anthony Giardino.

Tampa, Florida.
Sicilian immigrants arriving in Tampa found work in the Cigar factories in Ybor City.  The majority came from the towns of Santa Stefano Quisquina, Cianciana, Allessandro Della Rocca and Castletermini in Agrigento Province.  Forming a community in Ybor City, they founded the Unione Italiana society in 1894.  By the 1920's it had 1800 members, and owned a clubhouse and cemetry.
Most of the early Family members arrived after 1900, almost all from the Agrigento towns.  Even those from other birthplaces were connected to these towns, like Joseph Vaglica from Monreale, but with a wife from A.D.Rocca.  Although we do not know who the early leader was, the oldest member, and first arrival, was Ignazio Italiano from S.S.Quisquina.
Italiano had connections with NYC + Brooklyn, to both the Gambino and Colombo Families.  Familial relationships were important in the Family, for instance the Italiano's were related to both the Antinori and Leto families.  While the Trafficante's were related to the Cacciatore + Giglio families, and the Antinori's to the Diecidue and Lumia families.
So a best guess is a starting date of around 1910, and possibly led by Ignazio Italiano, with Alfonso Diecidue, Ignazio Antinori and Santo Trafficante snr. as senior members.  The 1928 Cleveland meeting was an all Sicilian affair, and Tampa was represented by Italiano and Vaglica.
The main criminal activities were gambling and involvement in the narcotics trade.  Bolita, originally a Cuban game, was the mainstay of gambling in Tampa.  Charles Wall was the dominant figure in this activity during the 1920-40's.  He survived assassination attempts in 1930-39-44, before being forced into retirement, and finally eliminated.  However he fought hard, and was responsible for the killing of several Mafiosi in his career [Vaglica, Antinori, ect.].
Narcotics were smuggled through Cuba, and Joseph Cacciatore ran a large distribution ring in Florida.  Later Antinori took-over, and supplied drugs to midwest Families like Kansas City + St.Louis.
Eventually the Trafficante family gained control of the Family, after a conflict with the Italiano + Lumia factions.

Texas [Dallas, Houston + Galveston].
 The "official" history of this Family is that it was founded around 1921, and led by Carlo Piranio.  He was from Corleone, and related to fellow Corleonesi the Zabbia and Genaro families.  Although this may be true, Mafia activity had a longer pedigree in Texas.
Sicilian immigrants from the towns of Corleone, Salaparuta + Poggioreale settled in the Brazos Valley area, around Bryan, from the 1880's.  Among these were Giuseppe Morello, the future national head who lived there in the 1890's.  There may have been connections to early Mafiosi in nearby Louisiana.
Carlo Piranio, and brother Joseph, settled in Dallas and joined his relatives Giuseppe Zabbia + Michealangelo Genaro.  The Family grew during the 1920's, with the Musso, Campisi and Civello families arriving.  Most owned small business, like groceries, and indulged in bootlegging and narcotics smuggling from Cuba.
Carlo died in 1930, and was succeeded by brother Joseph who oversaw the Families expansion to Houston + Galveston.  Calabrians like Vincent Vallone, Peter Duca and Frank Ianni joined the membership in the 1930-40's.  The Family were involved in a nationwide narcotics ring, with several members arrested in 1937, including Sam Maceo [Capo in Galveston].
Although there was little conflict within the Family, Vincent Vallone, capo in Houston, was murdered in 1949.  By the 1950's Joseph Civello was head, and was aprehended at the 1957 Apalachin meeting.  Alliances were maintained with the New Orleans and Los Angeles Families.  The Family was considered inactive by the 1990's.

The twenty-nine [29] Families listed above are those historically recognised by researchers and authorities.  Some may consider the faction in Madison as a Family, but it was too small to be anything but a regime of the Milwaukee Family.
Of the others, two, those in Birmingham + Newark were disbanded in the 1930-40's.  Three were founded later, or gained independence, Elizabeth + San Jose [1930-40's] and Rochester [1970's]. 





Tuesday, 28 March 2017

Ardizzone - Matranga conflict [Los Angeles]

                                           Los  Angeles : - 1906 - 1931.

Early in the 1900's several Sicilian immigrants arrived in California from the village of Piana di Greci, in Palermo Province.  Among these were the related Ardizzone - Cuccia and Matranga - Buccola families.  Settling in Los Angeles, they soon became involved in both legitimate and criminal activities.  In 1906 a dispute arose between the Ardizzone and Matranga families, both involved in the food import trade.  Joseph Ardizzone and George Maisano, a cousin of the Matranga's, were in conflict over a business issue.

June 1906.
                   George Maisano is shot, and dies in July, Joseph Ardizzone is suspected and flees.

September 1906.
                             Giuseppe Cuccia, a senior Mafiosi and cousin to the Ardizzone's, is killed.

December 1907.
                            Giovannino Bentivegna, an Ardizzone associate, is killed.

Joseph Ardizzone returned to Los Angeles in 1912, was arrested in 1914, tried and acquitted for the Maisano murder in 1915.

By the mid-1910's both families had formed competing groups, known as the College Park [Matranga] and North End [Ardizzone] gangs.

The College Park gang were led by Antonio Matranga [AKA Tony Schino / 1873-1949], his sons Osario [Sam] and Pietro, their cousin Antonio Buccola, and several other relatives and associates, including future LA member Vito [Victor] Pepitone.

While the North End gang were led by Giuseppe [Joseph] Ardizzone [AKA Iron Man / 1884-1931], his brothers Stefano [Steve] and Salvatore [Sam], their cousins the Cuccia and Borgia families [including Frank Borgia, another future LA member], Michele Rizzo [AKA Mike Marino], and various followers.

The conflict erupted again in 1916, with the killing of Antonio Parisi, a Matranga associate.

November 1917.
                            Osario [Sam] Matranga is murdered, Mike Marino [Rizzo] is suspected.

December 1917.
                            Pietro Matranga is killed, Mike Marino is again suspected.

March 1918.
                      Joseph LaPaglia, a relative of the Matranga's is killed.

October 1918.
                         An attempt is made to kill Stefano [Steve] Ardizzone, Antonio + Victor Matranga are suspected.

November 1918.
                            Attempt to murder Mike Marino is made.

February 1919.
                          Mike Marino [Rizzo]is killed, Matranga's suspected.

At this point the national leadership of the US Mafia intervenes, and brings in experienced leaders to form an "official"Family in Los Angeles.  Vito DiGiorgio, from New Orleans, and Rosario DeSimone, from Pueblo, are appointed as Boss and Under-boss of the new organization.  They impose a truce between the various factions, and induct some members from both gangs.

There is some evidence that this was resisted, as DiGiogio was wounded in 1921and later murdered in Chicago in 1922.  DeSimone seems to have led the Family from his base in Downey, but had an underboss in the city of Los Angeles. 

Joseph Ardizzone emerges as the leader / underboss in Los Angeles, with the support of DeSimone and Jack Dragna, a new power in the Family.  Ardizzone attempts to expand his power over various factions, including the old Matranga group now led by Antonio Buccola and Joseph Porazzo.

May 1929.    
                   Joseph Porazzo is killed, Ardizzone is suspected.

May 1930.
                  Antonio [Tony] Buccola is murdered, with Ardizzone again suspected.

February 1931.
                         Joseph Ardizzone is wounded, and flees to the home of Rosario DeSimone, where he is treated by DeSimone's doctor son.  A passenger in Ardizzone's car called Vincent [Little Jimmy] Basile is killed.  There is some confusion if Ardizzone had already killed Basile, or if Basile was killed by mistake in the attempt on Ardizzone.

February 1931.
                         Dominic DiCiolla [AKA Danto], a partner of Basile is murdered.  Again it is not clear if Ardizzone was to blame, or if this was an enemy killing Ardizzone supporters.

October 1931.
                        Joseph Ardizzone  disappears on his way to visit a Cuccia relative.  The police arrest Antonio Bartolotta [AKA Tony Bruno], Antonio Trapani + A.Mazzola.  It is believed that Ardizzone was eliminated by the Family leadership, Rosario DeSimone and Jack Dragna.  The Family continued under DeSimone, with Dragna his underboss in Los Angeles, until 1946 when DeSimone died and Dragna succeeded him.

Tuesday, 17 January 2017

Chicago Underworld Murders during Prohibition / 1919-1933


Using the Chicago Crime Commission list, confirming details with the Homicide in Chicago [1870-1930] website, and finally adding some research of my own, I have compiled a detailed list of probable underworld killings in Prohibition Chicago.
Obviously it is impossible to be 100% accurate, but I hope this is as complete a list as possible at this distance in time.
Jan.  4th  : - Frank Porcino [30 years-old]
                : - Frank Savaino [23]                        Suspect – Carmen DiJohn
Jan.  12th  : - Joseph Introviaia [23]
Jan.  19th  : - Charles Stillwell [39]
Jan.  21st  : - Tony DeBrouse [35]
                  : - Hanes Cheren
Feb.  20th  : - Luigi Cascio [38]
                   : - James Patterson [34]                     Suspect – Frank Moran
Feb.  28th  : - Garnetta Ellis [6]                              Bomb
                    : - Peter Reklis [38]                               Suspect – John Bowman
Mar.  5th  : - Frank Gento[27]
Mar.  6th  : - Guitano LaPresti [44]                          Suspects – Michael Cuti + Dom. Dimaggio
April  5th  : - Fred Woeifel [30]
May  2nd  : - John Altobelli [22]
May  11th  : - William Marchand [30]                         Suspects – Terry Drugan + Harold Toomey
May  12th  : - Moses Flanigan [Mulrooney-22]
May  22nd  : - Vincenzo Rieno [Arine – 25] +
                    : - John Russo [25]
June 5th  : - Henry Baum [33]                                             Susppects – C.Semilo,Restivo bros.,R.Lauriola
                : - Joseph Doyle [34]
July  6th  : - Nicholas Patti [27]                                            Suspect – Joe Maggio
July  15th  : - Giuseppe Saliani [26]                                    Suspect – Dom. Valenti + Joe Oliviere
Aug.  1st  : - Frank Surianello
Sept.  7th  : - Rosario Cacciatore [39]
Sept.  8th  : - Joseph Gagliardo [31]    +                                  Suspects – Morici bros.
                   : - Charles Raimondi [Raymond – 22]                                 -ditto-
Nov.  17th  : - Joseph McArdle [24]                                            Suspect – Gaetano Esposito – Aqtd.
Nov.  19th  : - Blasario Aborino [60]
Dec.  10th  : - Rocco Massoro [27]                                              Suspects – Joe Detale + Fred Christano
Dec.  11th  : - John DeRosa [37]                                                   Suspects –  Frank + Filippo Savengo

Feb.  2nd  : - Maurice [Mossy] Enright            Union                     Suspects – Michael Carrozza,
                                                                                                                Tim Murphy, Vincenzo Cosmano
                                                                                                                 James Vinci – Convicted – 25 years
Feb.  9th  : - Bernard Reilly [28]                                                         Suspect – Thomas Jakubowski-25 years
Mar.  17th  : - Joseph Hurley [27]                                                       Suspect – Joseph Carville
April  23rd  : - Edward Coleman [41]
May  5th  : - Robert Hopkins
May  10th  : - Joseph Benedetto
May  11th  : - James Colosimo [45]                                                       Suspects – Frank Yale [Ioele],
                                                                                                                       Johnny Torrio
May  17th  : - John Kikulski [43]
June  13th  : - Paul Torina [27]
June  17th  : - Patrick Ryan [37]                                                                 Suspect – Walter Quinlan
June  21st  : - Nick Valente [30]
                   : - Edward Ryan [22]                                                                Suspect – Carl Wanderer –Convict.
                                                                                                                                            Hanged  1921
June  24th  : - Ethel Roberts [18]               Bomb
Aug.  13th  : - Frank Gebbia
Aug.  29th  : - Joseph Gallido
Sept.  1st  : - Fred Russo [25]
Oct. 31st  : - Antonio Sansone [23]                                                           Suspect – Frank Diamond
Nov.  1st  : - Louis Porrovicchio [32]
Nov.  2nd  : - George Stevenson [45]                                                         Suspect – Robert Little
Nov.  9th  : - Anthony Bentivegna    +                                                         Suspects – Joe Rinella, Joe Debre,
                 :- John Harris [32 – Died on 12th]                                                                     Joe Serpe 
Nov. 10th  : - Eugene McSweeney [40]                                                         Suspect – James Daly
Nov.  26th  : - William Tynan [33]                                                                   Suspect – Joseph Carville
Dec.  14th  : - Vincent Solano
Dec.  15th  : - Fred DeVita

Jan.  17th  : - Michael DeRosa
Jan. 18th  : - Leonardo DiMarco
                  : - Armond Boquist
Feb.  26th  : - Gaetano Esposito [40]
Mar.  6th  : - Dinutris Marabito
Mar.  8th  : - Harry Raimondi [40]     Political Fued
                 : - Paul Labriola [38]               -Ditto-                                               Suspects – Angelo Genna,
                                                                                                                           Frank Gambino +  Sam Amatuna
Mar.  10 th : - William Wallenstein
April  8th  : - Sam Caruso [28]
April 10th  : - Michael Danoras
April  18th  : - Pasquale Bavagonti [27]
April  20th  : - Antonio Solferino [62]                                                       Suspect – Tomasio DeMaio
April  30th  : - John Mahoney
May  12th  : - Anthony D’Andrea [48]     Political Fued
May  26th  : - Michael Licari [36]
June  9th  : - Thomas Skirven [30]       Taxi Cab Fued                           Suspects – Philip Fox, Max Podolski,
                                                                                           Morris Steiben, James Magley + Charles Goldstein
June  22nd  : - Clemento Basile [26]                                                           Suspects – Patsy Panico, Frank
                                                                                                      Danno, Andrew Foticati, Jamed Esposito +
                                                                                                                                       James Staminato
June  23rd  : - Antonio Marchese
June  26th  : - Joseph Laspisa                       Political Fued
July  18th  : - Nick Torino [35]
July  22nd  : - Andrea Orlando [28]             Political Fued
July  23rd  : - John Guardino [34]                      -Ditto-
Aug.  14th  : - Vincenzo Sinacola [46]                -Ditto-
Aug.  26th  : - Dominick Guttillo [44]                                             Suspects – Sam Morelli + John Sebastino
Sept.  7th  : - Michael Henry [30]
Oct.  6th  : - Joseph Marino [30]             Political Fued
Nov. 24th  : - Nicolo Adamo [32]                 -Ditto-                              Suspects – Sam, Pete + James Genna
Nov.  29th  : - Natale Milice [30]
Dec.  31st  : - Giuseppe Gangidno [28]

Feb.  5th  : - Michael Maro
Feb. 14th  : - Peter Cannella [38]
Feb. 17th  : - Joseph Gurrieri [37]                                                               Suspect – Paul Francisco
Feb.  18th  : - Antonio Vaccarella [39]
            : - Dominick Coffero [38]
Mar.  11th  : - Nicolo Maggio [48]
Mar.  16th  : - Paul Notte                                                                               Suspect – Angelo Genna
Mar.  28th  : - Steve Maggio [32]
April  3rd  : - Luigi Cutaia [35]
April  9th  : - Abe Rubin [42]                                                             Suspects – Louis Romano, Will. Cohen,
                                                                               Will. Friedman, David Edelman, Max Miller + Maxie Eisen
April  10th  : - David Friedman
April  16th  : - Samuel Bianco [40]
April  27th  : - Peter Tomasello [45]
April  29th  : - Pasquale Parcelli
May  2nd  : - Ignazio Landano [30]
May  10th  : - Thomas Clark [27]     Policeman     +                          Suspects – Tim Murphy,Fred Mader,
                    : - Terrence Lyons [30]      -Ditto-                    Con Shea, Isadore Braverman, Dan McCarthy,
                                                                                                      Jerry Horan, Tom Hogan + Robert McCloud
May  13th  : - Vito DiGiorgio [41]       +
                    : - James Cascio [40]
June  6th  : - Antonio Albinanti [35]
July  2nd  : - T. Petrotta [40]                                                        Suspects – Vincent Cutaia + Geo. Candiotta
Aug.  1st  : - Angelo Damco
Aug.5th  : - John Patti [50]
Aug. 21st  : - James Calabria [30]                                                  Suspects – James Demis, Dom. Marotta,
                                                                                                      Ralph Calabria, Joe Tanzella + Pasq. Colletto
Aug.30th  : - Albert Schulz
Oct.  7th  : - George Heller [40]                                                     Suspects – Will. McDermott, Will. Dillon +
                                                                                                                                 John Connors
Oct.  9th  : - Vito Amaro [26]
Oct.  26th  : - Vito Delise
Nov.  4th  : - Vito Fondanetta [28]                                                      Suspects – Charles + James DeGeorge
Nov.  5th  : - Giovanni Scalzetti [Scully – 60]
Nov.  6th  : - Charles Brennan [25]
Nov.  24th Dominico Granno
Dec.  1ST  : - Fred Ragan [45]       Union                                                         Suspect – Emil Franks
Dec.  6th  : - Giuseppe Albergo [39]
Dec.  8th  : - Giuseppe Maggio [55]
Dec.  18th  : - Rosario DeMarco

Jan.  8th  : - Angelo DeMora                                                                               Suspects – Genna bros.
Jan.  14th  : - Joseph Cichy
Jan.  27th  :- Peter Sciangula [35]
Jan.  28th  : - John Granita [36]
Feb.  18th  : - Steve Kelliher [38]                                                                        Suspect – Dan McCarthy
Feb.  20th  : - Joseph Basile [27]                                                                           Suspect – Phillip Leonetti
Feb.  26th  : - William Kinsella [23]                                                                       Suspect – Albert Green
Feb.  28th  : - Paul Radin [14 – shot on 26th]                                                                               -Ditto-
Mar.  23rd  : - Federico Amadio
April  9th  : - Stanley King [34]               Bomb
April  10th  : - Joseph Palumbo [46]
April  21st  : - Luigi Rocchette
May  20th  : - Giuseppe Tropea
May  29th  : - Charles Gullo [49]
June  6th  : - Francis Sexton [25]        Union                                     Suspects – John Rose + Max Raifman
June  29th  : - George Cherowkak [44]     +                                   Suspects – Geo. Garines, Angelo Barbas,
                 : - Thomas VISVARDIS [35]                                                      Dennis Vithoulkas + Geo. Barbac
July  1st  : - Lucia Tricla
July  2nd  : - Alvin Jones
July  4th  : - John Czarnik [27]                                                                         Suspect – John Lorusco
July  5th  : - Procopis Palazzallo [35]
July  9th  : - Joseph Chiarelli
July  18th  : - Jerome Gambino
                  : - Ciro Compino [21]
July  25th  : - Joseph Costello
Aug.  10th  : - Michael Lorchar [35]
Aug.  21st  : - Bias Jefferson
Aug.  25th  : - Sam Geraci [29]
Aug.  29th  : - Nicola Mastro [24]                                                                       Suspect – Rocco Marchesi
Sept.  3rd  : - Vincenzo Vitale [54]
Sept.  7th  : - Jerry O'Connor [24]                                                   Suspects – Dan McFall, Ralph Sheldon,
                                                                            Walter O'Donnell, Will. Dickman, Joe Larson + Joe Mucher
Sept. 10th  : - Ernest Yearn [35]
Sept.  13th  : - Sam Algozina [37]
Sept.  17th  : - George Bucher [26]            +                                     Suspects – Dan McFall, Thomas Hoban
                     : - George Meegan [21]                                                                      + Frank McErlane
Sept.  18th  : - Thomas Raymond [34]                                                   Suspects – Saltis / McErlane gang
Sept.  28th  : - Anthony Forti [48]
Oct.  11th  : - Anastasia Plaznetia
Oct.  27th  : - Lawrence Hartnett [28]             Policeman                         Suspect – Joseph Montana jnr.
Nov.  3rd  : - Vincenzo Albanese
Nov.  5th  : - Michael Izzo [39]
Nov.  7th  : - Frank DiMarco
Nov.  10th  : - Peter Mangles [24]
                    : - Rocco Mango [34]
Nov.  13th  : - Martin DeVries
Nov.  17th  : - Pasquale Mercidi  [36]                                                    Suspect – Filippo Mazzio
 Nov.  25th  : - Freeman Tracey [23]
Dec.  1st  : - Morrie Keane                                                                        Suspects – Frank McErlane,
                                                                                                                       Joe Saltis + Ralph Sheldon
Dec.  2nd  : - Michael Diovardi
Dec.  3rd  : - Adolph Skoff [21]                                    Suspects – Harry Heywood [Life] + Gene Stefanini
Dec.  6th  : - Dominick Armato
Dec.  7th  : - Henry Bing [47]      +                                                                  Suspect – John Sheehy
                 : - Leopold Guth [62]                                                                                            -Ditto-
                 : - John Sheehy                                                         Killed by John O'Malley [Policeman]
Dec.  15th  : - Sam Belcastro [29]
Dec.  26th  : - Fred Guerrieri [47]

Jan.  7th  : - John Gilmore [37]                                                                         Suspect – Edward Gibbons
Jan.  9th  : - Vito Partipilo [40]                                                        Suspects – Frank Spinella, Peter Morgese
                                                                                                                                 + Nunziato Mortilalto
Jan.  10th  : - Ferdinand Tatge
Jan.  11th  : - Edward Quinn [42]                                                         Suspect – Thomas Carroll [Policeman]
Jan.  20th  : - John Puccio [40]
Feb.  3rd  : - John Noonan 40 – Will. Newman]                                                    Suspect – Anthony Kissane
Feb.  7th  : - Ignazio Piccelli [65]
Feb.  9th  : - Leo Gistenson [28]       +                                                   Suspects – Jack Cherbo, Dan Stanton,
                 : - Israel Rappaport [27]                                                      James + Sydney Mogley, Dave Ostrom
Mar.  3rd  : - Joseph Rito [38]
Mar.  5th  : - William Callaghan [32]
Mar.  6th  : - Joseph Tuleo [19]
Mar.  22nd  : - Philip Mazzio [56]
April  2nd  : - Philip Smith
April  17th  : - Antonio Sanfilippo [Capo / Chicago Heights]
April  21st  : - John Rose [35]                                                                                        Suspect – Patrick Sexton
April  28th  : - Samuel Bills [37]     +                                                 Suspects – Otis Graves + Walter Murphy 
                    : - Robert Devere
May  4th  : - Thaddeus Fancher                                                                                 Suspect – Frank McErlane 
                 : - William Sedlacek [24]
May  8th  : - Joseph Howard                                                                                         Suspect – Al Capone
June  5th  : - Joseph Roberts [30]
June  7th  : - Attilio Mancini [36]
June  24th  : - Peter Chiarelli [24]
July  4th  : - Alfred Deckman                                                                                   Suspect – Walter O’Donnell
July  5th  : - Charles Salomana [37]
July  26th  : - Fred Ziegler                                                                                        Suspect – James Dougherty
July  30th  : - Samuel Riccardo [26]
Aug.  8th  : - George Mustakis [35]
Aug. 10th  : - Vincenzo DeCaro
Aug.  12th  : - Frank Lamachis [30]                                                         Suspect – Rocco Maggio / Convicted
Aug.  13th  : - Michael Laricchia
Aug.  19th  : - George Swan [55]                           Bomb
Aug.  28th  : - Salvatore Falzone [46]
Aug.  29th  : - Frank Marotta [30]                                                                  Suspect – Frank Bruchia [Bruno]
Sept.  8th  : - Jack Graziana [50]
Sept.  24th  : - Samuel Goldfarb [37]                                                                       Suspect – Henry Lipkins
Sept.  25th  : - Davil Boitano [41 – Policeman]
Sept.  30th  : - Dominick Busta [42]
Oct.  3rd  : - Carmela Bartucci
Oct.  5th  : - Phillip Corrigan [25 / O’Donnell gang]                                      Suspects – Torrio/Capone gang                                                               
Oct.  19th  : - Bruno Martino                                                                                           Suspect – Joe Malaro 
Nov.  7th  : - Angelo Barbas [35]
Nov.  10th  : - Salvatore DeLaurentis
                    : - Dion O’Bannion [31 / Head N/Side gang]                     Suspects – Frank Yale, John Scalice, 
                                                                                                                                           + Albert Anselmi
Nov.  14th  : - John Mackey [24]
Nov.  20th  : - Anthony Mancuso [33]
Nov.  23rd  : - Edward Tancl     +                                          Suspects – Myles O’Donnell + James Dougherty
                   : - Leo Klimas
Nov.  29th  : - Walter Langille [35]                                                                           Suspect – Tom Murphy
Dec.  6th  : - Michele Pernice [29]
Dec. 11th  : - Homer Finch                          Suspects – Ted Newberry ,Reg Morgan + Eugene McLaughlin 
Dec.  16TH  : - Harry Johnson [30]
Dec. 19th  : - Nick Ranieri
Dec.  21st  : - John Pusateri [24]  

Jan.  18th  : - Vito DeCaro [27]
Jan.  26th  : - Raffeale Amore
Feb.  2nd  : - Michael DeMilio [40]
                 : - Gabriele Serpico [34]
Feb.  9th  : - Harry Filice [34]
               : - Anthony Dominic
Feb.  10th  : - Lozzero Clemente
Feb.  21st  : - Leah Exley                                                                           Suspect  -  John Dougherty
Feb.  22nd  : - John Dougherty
Mar.  3rd  : - Thomas Gaughan [45]      +
                 : - Peter Hayden [45]
Mar.  9th  : - Frank Randazzo [43]
Mar.  15th  : - Louis Cella [27]                                                                       Suspect -  Phillip Edwards
April  4th  : - Joseph Montana [37]
April  7th  : - Joseph Larson [26]April  15th  : - Giuseppe Giordano [35]
April  17th  : - Joseph Tuminello [32]
April  29th  : - Louis Cama [42]
May  9th  : - Rosario Failla [35]                                                                         Suspect - James Balsano
May  13th  : - Joseph Saitta [40]                                                                        Suspect – Joe Lasorelli
May  19th  : - George Garines [24]
May  25th  : - Frank DeAngelo [41]
                   : - John Ciapetta
May  26th  : - Angelo Genna [27 /Head Unione Siciliana]                                       Suspects – N.Side gang
June  13th  : - Charles Walsh [ Policeman]       +                     Suspects – Albert Anselmi, John Scalice,
                    : - Harold Olson [Policeman]                                                     + Mike Genna 
June  27th  : - Otto Carrao [19]                                                                                    Suspect – Joseph Lonero  
July  8th  : - Antonio Genna [30]                                                                                  Suspects – N.Side gang
July  9th  : - Joseph Lasorelli [30]                                                                                  Suspect – Peter Saitta
                : - Walter O’Donnell [25]            +                                                             Suspect – Frank McErlane
                 : - Henry Hasmiller                                                                                                               -Ditto-
July   14th  : - Vincenzo Russo      +                                                                               Suspects – Capone gang
                    Saverio Lavenuto [33]                                                                                                       -Ditto-
July  15th  : - Anthony Campagna [33]
July  16th  : - Louis Sniderman [30]
July  18th  : - Joseph Granata [27]                                                                           Suspect – James Vinci
                  : - James Vinci [31]                                                                                  Suspect – Joseph Granata
July  23rd  : - George Karl                                                                              Suspects – Saltis / McErlane gang
Aug.  17th  : - Felix Scalzo [23]
Aug.  23rd  : - Frank Spina [23]     +                                        Suspects – Ralph Comiglio, Anthony Casalino,
                    : - Joseph Vecchio [30]       +                                                    Frank Cresto + Nick Cosentino
                     : - Joseph Praiti [29]                                                                                -Ditto-
Aug.  28th  : - Harry Berman [20]             +                                                       Suspect – Eugene McLaughlin
                    : - Irving Schlig [21]                                                                                                       -Ditto-
Sept.  3rd  : - William Dickman [34]                                                                      Suspect – Frank McErlane
Sept.  7th  : - Joseph Agate [35]
Sept.  10th  : - Nick Malella [27]
Sept.  14th  : - Frank Izarello [26]
Sept.  15th  : - Manuel Lozano
Sept.  27th  : - Aniello Taddeo
 Oct.  3rd  : - Charles Kelly [27 / raid on Ragan Colts HQ]                       Suspects – Saltis / McErlane gang
Oct.  12th  : - Edward Lottjak                                                                           Suspects -              -Ditto-
                   : - John Russo [34]
Oct.  18th  : - Christopher Murray [30]
Oct.  20th  : - Rosario Giorvano
Oct.  21st  : - Pasquale Tolizotte                                                                   Suspects – Saltis / McErlane gang
Nov.  2nd  : - Frank Canale [38]
Nov.  13th  : - Salvatore Amatuna [27 / Unione Siciliana]                                 Suspects – N.Side gang
                    : - Marco Imburgia [72]
Nov.  15th  : - Placido DiVarco [21]                                              Suspects – Tom Damiano + “Little Johnny”
Nov.  18th  : - Edward Zion
Nov.  20th  : - Mariano Muscarella [32]
                    : - Michael Vinci [25]                                                  Suspects – Joseph Genaro + John Minatti
                     : - Abraham Goldstein [23]
Nov.  21st  : - John Minatti [31]                                                         Suspect – Sam Vinci / Convict. – 26 yrs.
Dec.  13th  : - Charles Williams
                    : - Frank Alongi [27]
Dec.  22nd  : - Edwin Harmening [25]        +                                             Suspects – Saltis / McErlane gang
                    : - Joseph Brooks [25]                                                                                            -Ditto-

Jan.  7th  : - James Campanile
                : - James O’Brien
Jan.  10th  : - Henry Spingola [26 / Fund ]                                                     Suspects – Fund collectors
Jan.  16th  : - Harry Schneider [56]
Jan.  19th  : - Edward Ryan
Jan.  27th  : - Augustino Morici [39 / Fund]     +                                               Suspects – Fund collectors
                   : - Antonio Morici [Fund]                                                                                                          -Ditto-
Jan.  31st  : - Isaac Stein [24]                                                                          Suspects – Louis Smith + “Herb”
Feb.  6th  : - Charles Pepe [36]
Feb.  15th  : - Clarence Glynn [33]                                                                               Suspect – Virgil Litzinger
                   : - Orazio Tropea [35 / Fund collector]
Feb.  20th  : - Vito Bascone [Fund collector]
Feb.  23rd  : - Edward Baldelli [23 / Fund collector]
Mar.  2nd  : - David Feeley [42]
Mar.  6th  : - Joseph Calabrese [33]
                  : - Fred Gully [36]
                     : - Francis Lawrence [31]
Mar.  7th  : - Antonio Finalli [Fund collector]
Mar.  11th  : - Harold Flynn [33]
Mar.  15th  : - Daniel Cerone [25]
Mar.  17th  : - Joseph Staliga
                   : - Jeffrey Marks
Mar.  23rd  : - George Dietrich [38]
April  1st  : - Fred Boeseneiler [AKA Andre Anderson ]                                        Suspect – Leo Mongoven
April  3rd  : - Walter Quinlan [28 / Head Valley gang]                                            Suspect – John Ryan
April  10th  : - Walter Johnson
                    : - Francesco DeLaurentis [29]       +                                                    Suspect – Frank McErlane 
                     : - Jacomino Tucello [33]                                                                                                -Ditto-
April  14th  : - Santo Ilacqua [AKA Calabresi]
April  16th  : - Gioacchino Cuilla [28]
April  19th  : - William Byrne
April  24th  : - Lena Chepulis [28]
April  27th  : - Salvatore Pollizzano                                                                               Suspect – Joseph Giorgi
                   : - William McSwiggin [States Attorney]                                                Suspects – Capone gang  
                   : - James Doherty                                                                                                                  -Ditto-
                    : - Thomas Duffy                                                                                                                     -Ditto- 
May  7th  : - Antonio DeFranco [Chicago Heights Fued]
May  17th  : - Thomas Dire [27]                                                                           Suspect – James McDonough
May  27th  : - Frank Cremaldi [Capone gang] 
June  2nd  : - Jim Lamberta [Chicago Hghts. Fued]      +                                    Suspects – Calabrian faction
                  : - Crystal Barrier                                                                                                              -Ditto-
June  7th  : - James Sexton
June  9th  : - Frank Camera [Chicago Hghts. Fued]
June  23rd  : - Charles Carrao [35]
July  4th  : - Carl Cafforello [21]
July  7th  : - Louis Barbogallo
July  13th  : - Joseph Ciccone [32]
July  14th  : - Jules Portuguese                                                                          Suspect – Myles O’Donnell
July  21st  : - Bernard Russo [35]
July  22nd  : - Philip Piazza [Capo Chicago Hghts.]                                              Suspects – Calabrian faction
July  23rd  : - Frank Conlon [22 / Saltis gang]                                                                  Suspect – John Foley
Aug.  3rd  : - Tony Cuiringione [Capone gang]                                                         Suspects – N.Side gang
                  : - Giuseppe Salvo [Chicago Hghts. Fued]                                        Suspects – Calabrian faction
Aug.  6th  : - John Foley [AKA Mitters / 28]                                             Suspects – Joe Saltis + Frank Koncil
Aug.  8th  : - Joseph Catanda [Chicago Hghts.]
Aug.  10th  : - Louis Smith [35]
                    : - John Andreadis [Chicago Hghts.]
Aug.  20th  : - Joseph Nerone [35 / Chicago Hghts.]                                                Suspect – Antonio Aiello
Aug.  23rd  : - Joseph Delbours [33]
Aug.  29th  : - Fred Cappello [Chicago Hghts.]
Sept.  2nd  : - Tony DiStefano [AKA Pelledrino / Chic. Hghts.]
Sept. 22nd  : - Ignazio Mingare [36]
Sept.  27th  : - Joseph Chivetta [40]
Oct.  11th  : - Earl Weiss [AKA Hymie /35 /Head N.Side gang]       +                      Suspects – Capone gang
                   : - Patrick Murray [40]                                                                                                        -Ditto-
Oct.  17th  : - John D’Anna
Oct.  21st  : - James Williams [28]                         Suspects – Lee Evans, Charles Heurer + Dave Anderson  
Nov.  16th  :- -Edward Dunn [55]                          Suspects – Albert Cress, Tom Conover + Michael Sexton
Nov.  18th  : - George Martini [31]                                                       Suspects – James Rose + Frank Rango 
Nov.  20th  : - William Raggio [30]
Nov.  26th  : - James Gusdagno [27]
Nov.  28th  : - Theodore Anton
Dec.  9th  : - Joseph Albergo
Dec.  11th  : - Charles Tremblay [AKA Chuck Moran]
Dec.  12th  : - Joseph Wokrol [47 / Taxi Cab Fued]                   Suspects – Eugene McLaughlin + ? Schmitt
Dec.  16th  : - Hilary Clements [28 / Sheldon gang]                                             Suspect – Hugh McGovern
Dec.  19th  : - John Wolwark [23]
Dec.  21st  : - Samuel Cohen [35]

Jan.  7th  : - John Castenaro [Body found 3-5-27]
Feb.  6th  : - John Petrack [22]                                                                Suspects – Ralph Orlando + Ben Zion
Feb.  19th  : - Vinerella Guadagni [30]
Mar.  11th  : - Tommaso Piazza
                    : - Frank Koncil [30 / Saltis gang]       +                                                Suspects – Sheldon gang
                    : - Charles Hubacek [41]                                                                                                   -Ditto-
                    : - Benjamin Schneider [40]                                                                       Suspect – Maxie Eisen
Mar.  14th  : - Alfonso Fiore [36 / gang leader]                                                         Suspect – Paul Ambrogio 
Mar.  23rd  : - Chin Poch
March  24th  : - Moy Sing [60]               +
                       : - Moy yuk Hong [26]
Mar.  29th  : - Frank Palumbo [43]
April  8th  : - Alex Burba [25]                                                                                              Suspects – 42 gang
April  10th  : - Anthony Sicoli [39]
                    : - Octavius Granady [43 / Political]                      Suspects – John Armondo, James Belcastro                            
                                                                                                                              + Thomas Somnerio
May  20th  : - Frank Gremaldi
May  25th  : - AntonioTorchio [32 / Aiello gang]                                                 Suspect – Jack McGurn
May  31st  : - Herman Carcelli
May  ?  : - Paul Grandolfo
June  1st  : - Lawrence Lopresti [29 / Aiello gang]                                                    Suspects – Capone gang
June  4th  : - Jasper DiGiovanni
June  7th  : - Salvatore Emma [27]
June  8th  : - Joseph Agnello [35]
June  19th  : - George Lauer
June  26TH  : - Ignatius Gungliardo
June  29th  : - Lorenzo Alagna [32]                                            Suspects – Matt Lombardo + Peter Giardina
                    : - Diego Attlomionte [32 / Aiello gang /shot 26-6-27]                       Suspects – Capone gang  
June  30th  : - Nunzio Jamericco [29 / Aiello gang]                                                                             -Ditto-
July  7th  : - Peter Sansone [39]
July   8th  : - Sam Salerno [60]
July  9th  : - Frank Albanese [34]
July  10th  : - Joseph Montana                                                                                    Suspect – James Cervone
July  11th  : - Gaspare Alagna [35 / Aiello gang / shot 29-6-27]                              Suspects – Capone gang
                   : - Giovanni Blandini [40 / Aiello gang]                                                                            -Ditto-
July  13th  : - Simone Galioto [30]
                   : - Dominick Cinderella [Aiello gang]                                                       Suspects – Capone gang
July  14th  : - Adam Brzezinski
July  20th  : - Michael Stopec
July  27th  : - Angelo Carona [55]
July  27th  : - Frank Hitchcock [45]
Aug.  9th  : - Anthony Russo [Russo gang St. Louis]              +         Suspects – Green Ones gang, St. Louis
                  : - Vincent Spicuzza       -Ditto-                                                                        -Ditto-
Aug.  26th  : - Max Braverman [45]                              Suspects – Patsy Pargoni, Harry Lewis, John Russo,
                                                                                                                                Patrick Lavelle + Frank Smith
Sept.  17th  : - John Walsh [29]                                                                   Suspects – Bart Hart + Frank Serio
Sept.  22nd  : - Salvatore Mozzapelli
Sept.  28th  : - Sam Valente [Aiello gang]                                                                   Suspects – Capone gang
                     : - Samuel Guzzardo [45]
Oct.  12th  : - Frank Passani
                    : - Katherine Jones
Nov.  8th  : - Frank Scollo [24]              +                                                                     Suspect – George Baratta
                 : - Paul Scollo [26]                                                                                                                -Ditto-
Nov.  14th  : - Joseph Vanella [32]
Nov.  17th  : - Max Wilner [34]
Nov.  24th  : - Argyle Hartz                                       Suspects – John White, John Nedles + Scott McGowan
Nov.  27th  : - Roy Flynn [33]                                                                                       Suspect – Michael Quirk
Dec.  1st  : - Fred Dullard [35]                                                                       Suspects – Edward + Frank Dillon
Dec.  6th  : - George Clemens
Dec.  18th  : - Peter Buffalo
Dec.  21st  : - Michael Loftus
Dec.  28th  : - Charles Miller                                                                                               Suspect – John Touhy
                    : - John Touhy                                                                                             Suspect – Charles Miller
Dec.  31st  : - Harry Portugaise [52]

Jan.  1st  : - Frank Carpenter [25]                                               Suspects – Frank McGurn + John Armondo
Jan.  18th  : - Joseph Concialdi
                   : - Joseph Faso [Chicago Hghts.]
                    : - Harry Fuller
Jan.  30th  : - Jack Mallardi [27]
Jan.  31st : - Jack Gold                                                                                           Suspect – John Armondo
Feb.  1st  : - Andrew DeLuca [32]
Feb.  17th  : - Isadore Goldberg [26]                                                                     Suspect – Frank McErlane
Feb.  23rd  : - Philip Leonetti [37]
Feb.  26th  : - Robert Rutshaw
Mar.  8th  : - Joseph Sicola [30]          +                                                                Suspect – Joseph Terrvacchia
                  : - Frank Siciliano [30]                                                                                                     -Ditto-
Mar.  21st  : - Joseph Esposito [AKA Diamond Joe/ 55 / Political]
Mar.  23rd  : - John Infantino [26]                                                                              Suspect – Sam Catandello
Mar.  27th  : -  John Zoccolo [47]
Mar.  28th  : - Jasper Montalbano [35]
Mar.  29th  : - Joseph Sakalanskas [41]
                     : - Charles Abrago
Mar.  31st  : - Thomas.A. Johson [35]                                                                     Suspect – George Maloney
April  11th  : - Thomas.J.Johnson [42]                                                                              Suspect – Nick Falso
April  15th  : - Joseph LaBerta [23]                                                                                  Suspect – Emil Mogeri
April  23rd  : - Benjamin Newmark [41]
May  8th  : - William Jackson [28]
May  14th  : - Giuseppe Cavarretta [45 / Aiello gang]                                               Suspects – Capone gang
June   12th  : - James Lupino [31]
June  16th  : - Frank Barnes [48]
June  19th  : - John Oliveri [45 / Aiello gang]        +                                                   Suspects – Capone gang
                     : - Joseph Salomone [30 / Aiello gang]                                                                             -Ditto-
                      : - James Raggio [40]
June  26th  : - Timothy Murphy [AKA Big Tim /45 /Political]
June  27th  : - Willie Irving
July  13th  : - John Paul
July  16th  : - Anthony Collifiore [Aiello gang]                                                  Suspects – Capone gang
July  19th  : - Dominick Aiello [55 / Aiello gang]                                                                         -Ditto-
July  23rd  : - Sam Cuccia [50]
July  24th  : - Joseph Caternotta [60]
July  26th  : - Sam Canale [24 / Aiello gang]                                                           Suspects – Capone gang
July 31st  : - Benjamin Zion [25]
Aug.  2nd  : - Lawrence Canda [24]
Aug.  3rd  : -John Vella [25]
Aug. 5th  : - Dominico Calandrino
Aug.  7th  : - Edward Davis
Aug.  8th  : - Angelo Francisco
Aug.  9th  : - Virgillio Aliotto [50 / Aiello gang]                                                          Suspects - Capone gang
                  : - Tony Butitta [55]
Aug.  19th  : - Frank Scarpinato [54]
                    : - Frank Alioto [30]
Aug.  20th  : - Antonio Amato [46]
Aug.  22nd  : - Louis DiBernardo [31]
Aug.  29th  : - Tony Soverino
Sept.  3rd  : - Albert Pratt [30]                                                         Suspects – Michael Reilly, George Barker
                                                                                                                                  + William Clifford
Sept.  7th  : - Antonio Lombardo [36 /Head  Unione Siciliana]     +          Suspects – Aiello + N.Side gangs
                    : - Anthont Ferrara [35]                                                                                             -Ditto-
Sept. 22nd  : - Eugene Thivierge [35]                                      Suspects – Bernard Reister + Robert Mooney
Oct.  2nd  : - Joseph Elias                                                                                            Suspect – Joseph Glimco
Oct.  14th  Eng Pake [40]                                                                                                      Suspect – Leong Yun
Oct.  16th  : - Jung Bu Ging
Oct.  17th  : - Ralph Murphy [27]                                                                             Suspect – Hugh McGovern
Oct.  27th  : - Peter Rizzuto [36 / Unione Siciliana]
Oct.  30th  : - Vincent Signorelli
Nov.  5th  : - Alfred Fricano [32]
Nov.  9th  : - Charles Rice [44]                                                                         Suspect – Michael McGovern
Nov.  16th : - John Clay [60 / Union]
Nov.  30th  : - Joseph Martino [45 / Chicago Hghts.]                                         Suspects – Calabrian faction
Dec.  6th  : - Leroy Gilbert [Police Chic. Hghts.]                                                                                -Ditto-
                  : - Salvatore Lima [33]
Dec.  8th  : - John LaPrizza
Dec.  10th  : - Dominick Sposato
Dec.  12th  : - Frank Basile [27 / Gov. agent]                                          Suspect – Anthony Feltrin [Suicide]
Dec.  18th  : -    ?    Scalzetti [AKA Ole Scully / 42]
                    : - Thomas Healy [35]
Dec.  20th  : - Filippo LaPaglia [45]
Dec.  27th  : - Louis Nelson
Dec.  30th  : - -William Davern
Dec.  31st  : - William McPadden [32]         +                        Suspect – George Maloney Convict.-14 years
                    : - Hugh McGovern [32]                                                                   -Ditto-

Jan.  8th  : - Pasqualino Lolordo [42 / Head Unione Siciliana]                   Suspects – Aiello + N.Side gangs
Jan.  16th  : - Louis DeLuca [17]            +                                                                Suspect – Antonio Palumbo
                  : - Ernest DeLuca [19]                                                                                                       -Ditto-
Jan.  31st  : - Steve Kuczynski [23]                                   Suspect – Edward Maciejewski [AKA Eddie Mack]
Feb.  4th  : - William Cantwell [39]
Feb.  9th  : - James Fee [45]                                                     Suspects – Thomas Marshall + Andrew Leach
Feb.  14th  : - Albert Weinshank [26 / N.Side gang]               +                                 Suspects – Capone gang
                   : - Peter Gusenberg [40]             +                                                                                 -Ditto-
                   : - Frank Gusenberg [36]              +                                                                                 -Ditto-
                    : - Albert Kachallek [AKA James Clark / 40]                     +                                           -Ditto-
                     : - John May [36]                       +                                                                                     -Ditto-
                      : - Reinhardt Schwimmer [29]         +                                                                             -Ditto-
                       : - Adam Heyer [40]              +                                                                                          -Ditto-
Feb.  22nd  : - Peter Locasto
Mar.  19th  : - William Vercoe                                                                                     Suspect – William Clifford 
Mar  22nd  : - Raymond Cassidy [30]
Mar  29th  : - Settimo Conti
April  5th  : - Frank Krueger [39]
April  12th  : - William Clifford                       +
                    : - Michael Reilly
April  24th  : - Frank Brady [32]
April  28th  : - Enrico Arduini [42]
April  ?        : - Joseph Perconti
May  2nd  : - Charles Folisi [49]
May  15th  : - Raymond Martin [33 / Policeman]                          Suspects – Martin O’Leary, David Miller,
                                                                                                                                       Ernest Rossi + Fred Fisher
May  21st  : - John Hand
May  22nd  : - Joseph Sullivan [27 / Policeman]                                                         Suspect – William Quan
May  26th  : - Charles Levy                                                    Suspects – Edward Maciejewski + Willie Doody May  30th  : - Thomas McElligott [24]
                    : - Dominick Costa
May  31st  : - Ettore Quaterri [54]
June  2nd  : - Herman Bloom [35]
June  5th  : - Patrick Maloney [36]                                                                          Suspect – James O’Donnell
June  15th  : - Louis Sevcik
June  16th  : - Ralph Cerra
June  26th  : - Sam Muschia [38]
July  3rd  : - Ernest Hoffman [57]
July  10th  : - Nathan Rossman [24]                                                                         Suspect – Harry Everston
July  31st  : - Thomas McNichols [37]                      +                                                  Suspect – James Shupe
                   : - James Shupe [35]                                                                          Suspect – Thomas McNichols
Aug.  4th  : - Yee Sun [55]
Aug.  9th  : - Louis Heisler
Aug.  15th  : - John Woytko [50]
Aug.  28th  : - John Bowman [24]
Aug.  29th  : - Antonio Domingo [35]
Aug.  31st  : - James Burns
Sept.  2nd  : - Henry Connors
                   : - Michael Pedrasa [45]
Sept.  5th  : - Edward Westcott [23]                    +
                   : - Frank Cawley [27]
Sept.  11th  : - Charles Brown [25]
Sept.  16th  : - Peter Pullizzi [27]
Oct.  13th  : - Casimir Holzwork [29]
Oct.  30th  : - Myles Cannaven [42]
Oct.  31st  : - Rocco Maggio [33]
Nov.  10th  Joseph LoPiccolo
Nov.  24th  : - Edward Tracy [28]                                           Suspect – Melville Purves – Convict – 14 years
Dec.  1st  : - Edward Baron
Dec.  3rd  : - John Voegtle [36]
Dec.  11th  : - TommasoTeritilli [50]
Dec.  22nd  : - Roy Savery [42]
Jan.  5th  ; - James Strangis
Jan. 6th  : - Louis Antonucci [42]
Jan.  8th  ; - James McManus [32]
Jan.11th  : - Leo DeLorenzo [35]
                 : - John Bondi [20]
Jan.  30th  : - Barney Mitchell [34 / Taxi Cab Fued]
                  : - Glenn Jackson [32 /    -Ditto-     ]
FEB.  1ST  : - Julius Rosenheim [48]                                           Suspects – Jack McGurn + Anthony Accardo
Feb.  2nd  : - Joseph Cada jnr. [29]
Feb.  4th  : - Philip Marchese [39]
                 : - Giuseppe Bucheri [27]
Feb.  5th  : - William Healy [37]                             Suspects – Jerry Cotter, John Neville + George Campion
Feb.  14th  : - Tony Lombardo [30]
Feb.  23rd  : - Lorenzo Pizziferri
Mar.  4th  : - Joseph Cerrito [49]
Mar.  6th  : - John O’Berta [AKA Dingbat / Saltis gang]       +                          Suspect – Frank McErlane   
                 Sam Malaga  [Saltis gang]                                                                                             -Ditto-
Mar.  16th  : - John Rito [27]
Mar.  17th  : - Peter Bica [42]Mar.  20th  : - Cicero Basile [58]
Mar.  22nd  : - Andrew Racine
April  1st  : - Martin Mullaney [35]
April  16th  : - Joseph Cameron [45 / Drugan gang]                                               Suspects – Aiello gang
April  20th  : - Frank Dire [33/ Capone gang]            +                          Suspect – Frank Delbano [AKA Dale]
                    : - Walter Wakefield [29/   -Ditto-   ]         +                                                   -Ditto-
                     : - Joseph Speciale [28/     -Ditti-    ]                                                                 -Ditto-
May  7th  : - Harry Anthony
May  9th  : - Dominico Sciortino [55]
May  25th  : - Peter Plescia [40/ Aiello gang]                                                             Suspects – Capone gang
May  31st  : - Filippo Gnolfo [41/ Aiello gang]                                                                                       -Ditto-
                    : - Eugene McLaughlin [AKA Red / Drugan gang]                            Suspects – Aiello gang
                             [ Body found 7-6 1930]
June  1st  : - Sam Peller  [Drugan gang]          +                                                              Suspects – Aiello gang
                 : - Joseph Bertsche [   -Ditto-  ]         +                                                                                    -Ditto-
                  : - Michael Quirk [  -Ditto-  ]                                                                                                     -Ditto-
June  3rd  : - Joseph Ferrara [26/ Aiello gang]                +                      Suspects – Capone + Drugan gangs
                  : - Sam Monastero [   -Ditto-   ]                                                                                -Ditto-
                   : - Thomas Somnerio [32/ Aiello gang]                                                   Suspects – Capone gang
                     : - Santo Mascellino
June  7th  : - Gaspare Rokette  [body found]
June  9th  : - Alfred Lingle [AKA Jake / 38/ News reporter]            Suspects – Leo Brothers + Frank Foster
                  : - Aloysius Kearney [36]
June  20th  : - Lorenzo Juliano
June  23rd  : - Frank Thompson [Drugan gang]                                                             Suspects – Aiello gang
June  30th  ; - Frank Petita [AKA Mike Gallichia]
July  1st  : - Anthony Amato
                 Elbert Lusader [35]
July  8th  : - Vincenzo Filippo [48]
July  10th  : - Thomas Bonner [45]                                                                                  Suspect – Earl Herbert
July  12th  : - Leonard Perdenza [AKA Amato / 56]
July  15th  : - Elsworth Moss [40]
July  21st  : - Peter Inserra [AKA Ash Can /42 / Aiello gang]                                     Suspects - Capone gang
July  30th  : - August Pusateri [19]
Aug.  10th  : - Samuel Siciliano [28]                                                                                Suspect – John Collura
Aug.  14th  : - Daniel Vallo
Aug. 20th  : - Charles Mulcahy [45]             +                           Suspects – Charles Stein + Albert Courchene
                   : - Bernard Ruberry                                                                                           -Ditto-
Aug.  24th  : - Joseph Terravicchia
Sept.  9th  : - Peter Nicastro [23 / 42 gang]                                                         Suspect – Nicholas Muscato
Sept.  14th  Angelo Spano [AKA Jack Costa / 29 /Aiello gang]                                Suspects – Capone gang
Sept.  18th  : - John Roscoe [20]
Sept.  19th  : - George Peters              +
                     : - Michael Lafakis
Oct.  13th  : - David Emmett [40]
Oct.  23rd  : - Joseph Aiello [39 / Head Unione Siciliana]                                        Suspects – Capone gang
Oct.  24th  : - John Guida [24 / 42 gang]                                                        Suspects – Frank + William Carr
Nov.  1st  : - Peter Zubulikis [42]
Nov.  8th Anthony May
Dec.  11th Marco Magnabosco [38]                                                                Suspects – Sam + Rudy Marino
Dec.  12th  : - Samuel Marino [Aka Tomasello]        +
                   : -  Rudolph Marino [   -Ditto-   ]
?   ?   ?      ; - Peter Gnolfo [Aiello gang]                                                                     Suspects – Capone gang

Jan.  4th  : - August Battaglia [32 / 42 gang]
Jan.  6th  : - Pasquale Tardi [ 42 gang ]
                 : - Frank Candela
Jan.  : - Pasquale Caruso [AKA Petro Porto]
Jan.  10th  : - Elmer Gasparino
Jan.  14th  : - Enrico Bartucci
Jan.  28th  : - Morris Berkowitz
Feb.  7th  : - Joseph Tanzillo
Feb.  18th  : - Albert Courchene
Feb.  24th  : - Francis Carr jnr.
Mar.  3rd  : - William Mayer
Mar.  19th  : - William Rooney
Mar.  21st  : - John Annerino [AKA Genaro]                               Suspects – James Belcastro, Angelo Lucci                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                + James Beluca
Mar.  30th  : - Max Tender
April  7th  : - Anton Bagdon
April  17th  : - Walter Van DeWerken
April  21st  : - Edward Fitzgerald
My  2nd  : - Michael Heitler [AKA Mike the Pike]May  12th  : - Harry Hyter
May  24th  : - Joseph Sobotka
June  11th  : - Dominick Latronica
June  13th  : - Lorenzo Bua
June  13th  : - James Janis
June  20th  : - Jack Kauffman
June  23rd  : - Sam Pullano
June  28th  : - Frank Scavo
July  2nd  : - John Carr
July  10th  : - Frank Caliendo
July  15th  : - Edgar Smith
July  16th  : - Bernard McCone
                   : - Herman Diehm
July  26th  : - Elijha Orr
Aug.  11th  : - Adolph Dumont
Sept.  16th  : - Carlo Piazza
Sept.  16th  : - Joseph Pelligrino
Sept.  17th  : - Paul Torraco [Accident ?]
Oct.  8th  : - Elfrieda McErlane [Wife]                                                   Suspect – Frank McErlane [Husband]
Oct.  11th  : - George Wilson
Oct.  12th  : - James Quigley
Oct.  18th  : - Matt Kolb [Touhy gang]                                                                          Suspects – Capone gang
Oct.  23rd  : - Michael Brannigan
Nov.  5th  : - Agostino Loverde [Head Unione Siciliana]
Nov.  7th  : - Richard Fishman
Nov.  9th  ; - Timothy Lynch
Nov.  30th  : - John Alerri
Dec.  1st  : - Vincent Petrikos
Dec.  17th  : - Joseph Barrie
Dec.  22nd  : - Daniel Fognotti
                    : - Walter Schreffer
Dec.  30th  : - Abraham Schnieder

Jan.  11th  : - Benjamin Rosenberg                                                                             Suspect – Louis Romano
Jan.  22nd  : - Michael Gallo
                   : - Carmelo Lucchese [Luchesi]
Jan.  28th  : - Phillip Flavin
Feb.  20th  : - Joseph Morris
Feb.  27th  : - Joseph Dubett
Mar.  17th  : - Joseph Lacheta
Mar.  20th  : - Frank Battaglia [42 gang]
Mar.  23rd  : - Otto Froneck
Mar.  27th  : - Carmino Spinelli
April  4th  : - Charles O’Donnell                                            Suspects – George Downes + Walter Zwolinski
April  5th  : - Herman Gleck                                                                                        Suspect – Leonard Patrick
April  7th  : - Benjamin Applequist                  +
                  : - Ernest Applequist
April  9th  : - Michael Carmen
April  20th  : - Sam Mule [AKA Morley]
June  16th  : - George Barker [AKA Red / Capone gang]                                              Suspects – Touhy gang
June  29th  : - George Brooks
July  22nd  : - Jack Werner
Aug.  10th  : - Joseph Connell
Aug.  16th  : - Edward Hiller                                                                                          Suspect – Thomas Casey
Aug.  23rd  : - Herman Brin
Aug.  24th  : - Nello Pellegrini
Aug.  31st  : - Charles Argenta
Sept.  2nd  : - Walter Zwolinski [McGeoghegan gang]
Sept.  25th  : - Michael Tamburrino
Sept.  29th  : - Iron Barger
Oct.  11th  : - Richard Roberts
Oct.  14th  : - Thomas Kane
Oct.  21st  : - Tony Jefferita [Provenzano gang]                                                    Suspects – Petitti brothers
Oct.  26th  : - Frank Amato [AKA Joe Farinella]
Oct.  29th  : - Harry Lefkovitz
Nov.  5th  ; - Joseph Baron snr.
Dec.  1st  : - Joseph Provenzano [Head  gang]                                                       Suspects – Petitti brothers
Dec.  6th  : - John Liberto [Provenzano gang]                                                                                  -Ditto-
Dec.  7th  : - Anthony Persico
                 : - Nicholas Maggio
Dec.  16th  : - John Rinella                                                                             Suspects -  ? . Ryan +  ?. Lamar
Dec.  25th  : - Ralph Pisano
       ?           : - Sam Liparota [Chicago Hghts.]                                                          Suspect – Luigi Cianpini
                     : - Luigi Cianpini [     -Ditto-      ]                                                              Suspect – Sam Liparota

Jan.  19th  : - Edward Fitzsimmons
Feb.  7th Fred Petitti                                                                         Suspect –  Frank Palome [AKA Chinchilla]
Feb.  8th  : - William O’Brien [Touhy gang]                                                              Suspects – Capone gang
Feb.  24th  : - Dennis Ziegler
Mar.  1st  : - Dan Lynch
Mar.  10th  : - Samuel LaRocca
Mar.  12th  : - Fred Russo
Mar.  21st  : - Joseph Hanley
Mar.  24th  : - Fred Oser                                                                                                 Suspect – Ralph O’Hara
April  5th  : - Joseph Zurek
May  15th  : -  Rocco Belcastro                                                          Suspects – Sam Loverde, Dan Morbetti,
                                                                                                                       Joseph Stopek + Charles Kumowski
May  24th  : - Edward Gambino
June  3rd  : - Carl Verdoni
June  11th  : - George Navigato
June  16th  : - Joeph Petitti [Head gang]
June 18th  : - Joseph Marzullo
July  18th  : - Emil Onesto
July  20th  : - Aloysius Strook                                                               Suspects – Charles Egan + John Curtin
July  26th  : - William Carr
July  28th  : - Thomas Ferdinando
Aug.  1st  : - Tony Marino
Aug.  12th  : - John Parrillo                                                                   Suspects – Sam Battaglia + Ted Virgilio
Aug.  21st  : - Loreto Mule
Aug.  29th  John Pippan                                                                 Suspects – Thomas Rosse + Gus Giovenco
Sept.  9th  : - Nicholas Muscato
Sept.  16th  Sam Incandella
Oct.  5th  : - Joseph Pawlowski
Oct.  9th  : - August Winkler [32]                                                                                   Suspects – Touhy gang
Oct.  10th  : - Antonio Belmonte
Oct.  23rd  : - John Paplinski [AKA Plynn]
Oct.  27th  : - Louis Cowan
                   : - Patsy Damato
Nov.  5th  : - Joseph Spinnato

Prohibition legally ended in March 1933, but the gangland killings continued at a high rate into 1934 [36 murders], 1935 [17], and 1936 [12].  By the mid-1930’s the Outfit / Capone gang / Chicago Cosa Nostra Family, held complete domination of the organized underworld in the City of Chicago and surrounding areas.  Thereafter underworld violence declined rapidly as they enforced strict rules on the general criminal population.