Springfield + Worcester, Mass. [Genovese ].
The first known active Italian criminal group in Springfield were the Albano family, from Avellino. This mainland connection would dominate organized crime throughout the following decades.
Carlo Sinischalchi, born 1884 in Campania and entering America in 1907, would inherit leadership of this group after marrying Pasqualina Albano in the 1910’s. Sinischalchi, who first lived in Brooklyn before moving to Springfield in 1913, possibly had connections to the Camorra gangs then prevalent in Brooklyn.
The couple became involved in bootlegging at the start of Prohibition, attaining a dominant position locally. However they soon made enemies, and in 1921 Sinischalchi was murdered.
The widowed Pasqualina now needed protection against her competitors, and found it in Antonino Miranda, who she soon married. Miranda was from San Giuseppe Vesuviano, near Naples and previously lived in Brooklyn. He was from a family of prominent criminals, including brothers Michele and Donato.
Michele, AKA Mike, would remain in the NY / Brooklyn area and become the Genovese Family Consiglieri. He was the best friend, and close associate, of Vito Genovese. As such, this connection is probably the reason Springfield became Genovese Family territory.
Donato was listed, in the 1950 FBN document presented to the Kefauver hearings, as a Boston member. So the Springfield group had family connections to both NYC and local New England Cosa Nostra Families. Miranda seems to have kept the peace in Springfield throughout the 1920’s, no mean achievement in that violent period.
Because the early CN Families were dominated by Sicilians, mainland members were only admitted during the late 1920-early 1930’s period. Therefore local gangsters like Miranda, Frank Iacone and Raymond Patriarca in Worcester, and Frank Morelli in Providence were either recently inducted individual members, or not yet inducted [ associates ].
After the 1930-31 “Castellammarese War” in NYC, the whole organization was re-organized and expanded. This meant creating larger Families by absorbing smaller gangs and factions, all based on geographical locations.
In New England this meant the union of the Boston and Providence groups into a unified Family. This Family seems to have had a general supervisory role over the Springfield and Worcester factions, even though both were recognised as Genovese territory.
Antonio Miranda did not live to see these developments, as he died of natural causes in 1930. He was accorded a lavish funeral, in accordance with his position.
One Joseph Fiore stepped into a leadership role, partnering with the twice widowed Pasqualina. This obviously did not sit well with some elements, as an attempt on Fiore’s life in 1932, resulted in Pasqualina being killed. Fiore only managed to survive another year before being murdered [ 1933].
At this point we do not know who led the faction, as the next recognised leader only emerged around 1940. A possible candidate could be Carlo Sarno, born in1891 in Salerno, who died in 1957. We do know that after the 1934 Bocchia murder in Brooklyn, Michele Miranda sent Rupolo and Palmeri to hide in Springfield. They were in the care of Nicholas Camerota [1904-72] possibly a member by then.
Salvatore Cufari who was the first “officially” recognised Capo in Springfield, was a Calabrian born in 1901. He arrived in America in 1914, joining his father who had lived in Springfield since 1908. Naturalized in 1927, he had a long criminal record [27 arrests] and had been shot and wounded by police in 1928. He emerged as a force by the late 1930’s, and as the faction leader by the 1940’s.
Records held at the National Archives [NARA] list possible members of, what was by then the Springfield regime of the Genovese Family, as the following: -
Salvatore Cufari / AKA Big Nose Sam / 1901-83 / Capo 1940-80’s
Nicholas Camerota / Nick /1904-72 / Soldier 1930-70’s
Frank Scibelli / Frankie Skyball / 1913-2000 / Soldier 1950-80’s / Capo 1980-90’s
Alvaro Lanzetta / 1916-99 / Soldier 1950-80’s
Andrew Pradella / ????-76 / Soldier 1950-70’s
The following are possible members or associates : -
Mario Fiore / 1928-90
Joseph Mineo / ????-83
Albert Scibelli / AKA Baba / ????-76
Anthony Scibelli / AKA Turk / 1914-98
Louis Maloni / 1925-2002
Henry Siciliano / 1927-86
James Fiore / ????-2008?
William Fiore / 1920-2007
Pasquale Romeo / 1897-1970
Frank Lombardo / 1895-????
Amato Santaniello / 1921-76
Angelo Santaniello / 1915-79/86
Louis Scibelli / 1901-????
Felix Siciliano / 1909-76
Anthony Camerota / 1907-76
Michael Raffaele / 1909-83
Jerry Maloni / 1915-2002
Cufari died in 1983, and was succeeded by Frank Scibelli, a veteran member. When he died in 2000 Al Bruno took-over as the Capo, but was killed in 2003. Anthony Arillota was the new Capo, but the regime was decimated by prosecutions and convictions. The following are suspected members, but the list is incomplete : -
Al Bruno / 1948-2003 killed / Capo 2000-03
Anthony Arillota / Capo 2003-
Frank Pugliano / AKA Pugs / Soldier
Amedeo Santaniello / Soldier
Felix Transghese / Soldier
Anthony Delevo / Soldier
Emilio Fusco / Soldier
Albert Calvanese / Soldier
Ralph Santaniello / Soldier
The regime is still believed to be active [2010’s], and present members can still trace their ancestry back to villages in Avellino and Salerno Provinces.
As stated above, Frank Iacone was probably inducted into the Genovese Family around the late 1920-early 1930’s period. He likely operated alone, or with a few non-member associates. Raymond Patriarca was born in Worcester in 1908 and was probably one of these associates. It is difficult to assess when the faction became a regime within the Genovese Family. Looking at the dob’s of suspected members, it was probably in the 1940’s. According to NARA records the following were members during this period [1940-80’s] : -
Frank Iacone / 1896-1956 / born Castonor ?, Italy / USA 1913, lived in Brooklyn / Naturalized 1937 / possible marriage link to Lombardo brothers of Boston / Conflict with Patriarca [1940’s] /Capo 1940-50’s
Francis Santo / 1908-93 / Soldier
Thomas Sanfratello / AKA Champ / 1910-91 / Soldier
Carlo Mastrototaro / 1920-2009 / Soldier 1950’s / Capo ????-2000’s
James Collaro / 1914-2004 / Soldier
Angelo Iacone / AKA Chester / 1919-91 / Soldier
Salvatore Iacone / AKA Sully / 1917-92 / Soldier
Cosmo Panarelli / AKA Pinky /1920-89 killed / Soldier
Carlo Mastrototaro continued as Capo until the 2000’s, but no other members names are known. With his death in 2009 the regime became extinct.